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      Characterization of the Thrombin-Induced Contraction of Vascular Smooth Muscle

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      Journal of Vascular Research

      S. Karger AG

      Thrombin, Vascular smooth muscle, Contractile response

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          Abstract

          Purified human α-thrombin induced a sustained contraction of isolated rabbit aorta and dog coronary arteries. These vascular tissues also exhibited a refractoriness towards a second thrombin exposure. The extent of tachyphylaxis exhibited by the aorta correlated with the initial concentration of thrombin and the length of time the tissue was exposed to thrombin. The thrombin-induced contraction in the aorta was not blocked by phospholipase or cyclooxygenase inhibitors, but it was inhibited in the presence of hirudin, heparin, nitroglycerin, and nitroprusside. Nitroglycerin, nitroprusside, and hirudin also inhibited the contraction in the dog coronary artery. Ca<sup>++</sup> channel blockers did not inhibit the thrombin-induced contraction in the coronary artery, although a small inhibition was observed in Ca<sup>++</sup>-free media. In both tissues, equivalent contractile responses were obtained using equimolar quantities of β-, tetranitromethane-, and α-thrombin, even though the latter’s coagulant activity was 30-40 times that of the modified thrombins. However, if the catalytic activity of thrombin was inhibited by modification with Tos-Lys-CH<sub>2</sub>Cl, hirudin, or heparin/antithrombin III, the vasoconstrictor activity was also lost. These studies suggest that alterations of the fibrinogen-binding site do not affect the contractile activity of thrombin. The contraction may be the result of a proteolytic interaction of the active site of the enzyme with vascular smooth muscle.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1984
          1984
          23 September 2008
          : 21
          : 2
          : 53-63
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology, Burroughs Wellcome Co., Research Triangle Park, N.C., USA
          Article
          158495 Blood Vessels 1984;21:53–63
          10.1159/000158495
          © 1984 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          Research Paper

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