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      Photothermally controlled structural switching in fluorinated polyene-graphene hybrids.

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          Abstract

          Fluorination of graphene enables tuning of its electronic properties, provided that control of the fluorination degree and of modification of graphene structure can be achieved. In this work we demonstrate that SF6 modulated plasma fluorination of monolayer graphene yields polyene-graphene hybrids. The extent of fluorination is determined by the plasma exposure time and controlled in real time by monitoring the change in the optical response by spectroscopic ellipsometry. Raman spectroscopy reveals the formation of polyenes in partially fluorinated graphene (F/C < 0.25), which are responsible for changes in conductivity and for opening a transport gap of ∼25 meV. We demonstrate that the cis- and trans-isomers of the polyenes in graphene are tunable using the photothermal switching. Specifically, the room temperature fluorination results in the cis-isomer that can be converted to the trans-isomer by annealing at T > 150 °C, whereas photoirradiation activates the trans-to-cis isomerization. The two isomers give to the polyene-graphene hybrids different optical and conductivity properties providing a way to engineer electrical response of graphene.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Phys Chem Chem Phys
          Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP
          Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
          1463-9084
          1463-9076
          Jul 21 2014
          : 16
          : 27
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Institute of Inorganic Methodologies and of Plasmas, CNR-IMIP, via Orabona 4, 70126 Bari, Italy. giovanni.bruno@ba.imip.cnr.it.
          Article
          10.1039/c4cp01643b
          24898854
          dfa83968-136d-45f7-9fcc-df46af82440e

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