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      Phylogenetic placement of Leprariacryptovouauxii sp. nov. (Lecanorales, Lecanoromycetes, Ascomycota) with notes on other Lepraria species from South America

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          Lepraria cryptovouauxii is described as a new semicryptic species similar to L. vouauxii , from which it differs geographically (South America) and phylogenetically; both species differ in nucleotide position characters in nucITS barcoding marker. Lepraria harrisiana is reported as new to South America and L. nothofagi as new to Antarctica, Bolivia, and Peru. Lepraria incana (South American records are referred to L. aff. hodkinsoniana ) and L. vouauxii (most South American records are referred to L. cryptovouauxii ) should be excluded at least temporarily from the lichen list of South America. All records previously referred to as L. alpina from Bolivia and Peru belong to L. nothofagi . Most of Bolivian records of L. pallida belong to L. harrisiana . Lepraria borealis and L. caesioalba should be included in L. neglecta . Lepraria achariana , L. impossibilis , and L. sipmaniana are sequenced for the first time.

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          Most cited references 47

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          MrBayes bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models

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            SEAVIEW and PHYLO_WIN: two graphic tools for sequence alignment and molecular phylogeny

             N Galtier,  C Gautier,  M Gouy (1996)
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              Cryptic species in lichen-forming fungi

              This contribution provides a synopsis of the presentations and discussions during the SIG session on cryptic speciation in lichen-forming fungi held during IMC9. In several cases, a re-examination of morphology against the background of molecular phylogenetic evidence revealed, sometimes subtle, morphological and/or chemical characters, supporting the distinction of particular clades at species level. However, there are also examples of cryptic species in which no morphological characters could be identified to distinguish between lineages. Several cases were presented in which distinct lineages are correlated with biogeographical patterns. When and how to name cryptic species was debated, and the use of terms such as “complex” or “aggregate” commended where the taxa formed part of a single lineage.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                MycoKeys
                MycoKeys
                11
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:c004a564-9d6a-5f9f-b058-6a3815dfe9c3
                MycoKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-4057
                1314-4049
                2019
                20 May 2019
                : 53
                : 1-22
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation, Faculty of Biology, University of Gdańsk, Wita Stwosza 59, PL-80-308 Gdańsk, Poland University of Gdańsk Gdańsk Poland
                [2 ] Department of Lichenology, W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz 46, PL-31-512 Kraków, Poland W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences Kraków Poland
                [3 ] Laboratory of Molecular Analyses, W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz 46, PL-31-512 Kraków, Poland Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences Kraków Poland
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Martin Kukwa ( dokmak@ 123456ug.edu.pl )

                Academic editor: P. Divakar

                Article
                33508 urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:6dd30c17-16df-57a1-b5dd-507a41333b1b
                10.3897/mycokeys.53.33508
                6536479
                Beata Guzow-Krzemińska, Agnieszka Jabłońska, Adam Flakus, Pamela Rodriguez-Flakus, Magdalena Kosecka, Martin Kukwa

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Funding
                National Science Centre, National Centre for Research and Development
                Categories
                Research Article
                Ascomycota
                Lecanoromycetes
                Lichenized Fungi
                Phylogeny
                Taxonomy
                Americas
                Polar
                South America

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