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      Development and Sequels of Intestinal Inflammation in Nematode-Infected Rats: Role of Mast Cells and Capsaicin-Sensitive Afferents

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          Abstract

          Objectives: To determine whether intestinal mast cells and capsaicin-sensitive afferent nerves are involved in the development and sequels of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis-induced intestinal inflammation in rats. Methods: Two series of experiments were performed. In the first series, six groups of 8 rats were used to study the effects of mast cell stabilization by ketotifen. In the second series, six groups of 6 rats were used to study the effects of gut extrinsic sensory neuron depletion by capsaicin. For each series, four groups of rats were infected with N. brasiliensis and two groups were not infected. Results: Infection with N. brasiliensis resulted in an increase of myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and mast cell numbers at day 12 postinfection; MPO returned to preinfection levels by day 35 while mast cell numbers remained elevated at that time. In ketotifen-treated infected rats, the increase of MPO at day 12 was less pronounced, but MPO activity remained elevated and mast cell numbers were increased at day 35. In capsaicin-treated infected rats, the MPO increase at day 12 was augmented, and MPO was still not returned to preinfection values by day 35; in contrast, the increase of mast cell numbers at days 12 and 35 was not modified by afferent nerve depletion. Conclusion: Mast cell stabilization decreased jejunal inflammation during the acute stage (day 12), but prolonged the inflammatory process until at least day 35 postinfection. The data also confirmed the protective role of gut extrinsic sensory neurons against intestinal inflammation in a model of nematode infection and revealed that these afferent nerves do not seem crucial for the development of nematode-induced hypermastocytosis.

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          Most cited references 2

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          Interleukin 10: a novel stimulatory factor for mast cells and their progenitors

           KW Moore,  V Dhar,  TR Mosmann (1991)
          We have characterized the mast cell stimulating activity of murine cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor, referred to as interleukin 10 (IL- 10). It was found that IL-10 alone failed to support the growth of mast cell lines and mast cell progenitors. Nevertheless, it dramatically enhanced their growth when combined with IL-3 or IL-4. Moreover, IL-4 plus IL-10 supported the proliferation of mast cells as well as IL-3, suggesting that these two factors may provide a pathway for their development independent of IL-3. However, optimal mast cell growth was stimulated by the combination of IL-10, IL-4, and IL-3. This particular set of cytokines are coordinately produced by activated T cells and may constitute an effective network regulating early and late stages of mast cell development during certain immune responses.
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            Prolonged infection of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis in genetically mast cell-depleted W/Wv mice

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              NIM
              Neuroimmunomodulation
              10.1159/issn.1021-7401
              Neuroimmunomodulation
              S. Karger AG
              1021-7401
              1423-0216
              2000
              March 2001
              09 March 2001
              : 8
              : 4
              : 171-178
              Affiliations
              Neuro-Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Toulouse, France
              Article
              54277 Neuroimmunomodulation 2000;8:171–178
              10.1159/000054277
              11251391
              © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 54, Pages: 8
              Categories
              Original Paper

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