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      Lithobius (Ezembius) hualongensis sp. nov. and Lithobius (Ezembius) sui sp. nov. (Lithobiomorpha, Lithobiidae), two new species of centipede from northwest China

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          Lithobius ( Ezembius) hualongensis sp. nov. and Lithobius ( Ezembius) sui sp. nov. ( Lithobiomorpha , Lithobiidae ) recently discovered from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China are described. Morphologically, the two new species are very similar but can be distinguished by the number of coxosternal teeth: L. ( E.) hualongensis sp. nov. has 2 + 2 while L. ( E.) sui sp. nov. has 3 + 3. The two new species resemble L. ( E.) multispinipes Pei et al., 2016, from the Xinjiang Autonomous Region, but can be readily distinguished by having the Tömösváry’s organ slightly larger than the adjoining ocelli rather than smaller, 3 + 3 spurs on female gonopods versus 2 + 2, and the simple terminal claw of female gonopods with a small triangular protuberance on the basal ventral side versus simple, without a small triangular protuberance on the basal ventral side. We also compare the main morphological characters of the two new species with the other Lithobius ( Ezembius) species known in Qinghai Province. A key to the Chinese species of Ezembius is presented.

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          Most cited references 25

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          A common terminology for the external anatomy of centipedes (Chilopoda)

          Abstract A common terminology for the external morphological characters of centipedes (Chilopoda) is proposed. Terms are selected from the alternatives used in the English literature, preferring those most frequently used or those that have been introduced explicitly. A total of 330 terms are defined and illustrated, and another ca. 500 alternatives are listed.
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            An annotated checklist of Lithobiomorpha of China

            The lithobiomorph centipede fauna of China is listed here based on literature data. A total of 68 species in 15 genera/subgenera in 2 families, Henicopidae and Lithobiidae, has been recorded from China. Three genera and forty-four species are known only from China, including the monotypic genera Pterygotergum and Hedinobius. The original descriptions of 16 nominal species were based on specimens of single sex only and 13 nominal species of Lithobius have never been allocated to a subgenus. Lithobius (Lithobius) zhui Pei, Ma, Shi, Wu & Gai, 2011 is moved to subgenus Lithobius (Ezembius). Distribution data for each species is provided here to promote further studies on the Lithobiomorpha fauna of China. 
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              Myriapods collected in Shansi, North China

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048D35-BB1D-5CE8-9668-537E44BD4C7E
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2019
                27 November 2019
                : 892
                : 77-92
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Institute of Laboratory Animal Science, Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guiyang, 550000, China Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Guiyang China
                [2 ] Qinghai Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Ecological Genomics, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining 810008. No.23 Xinning Road, Chengxi District, Xining, Qinghai, China Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences Xining China
                [3 ] Scientific Research Office, Hengshui University, Hengshui, 353000, China Hengshui University Hengshui China
                [4 ] School of Life Sciences, Jinggangshan University, Jian, 343009, Jiangxi, China Jinggangshan University Jian China
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Tongzuo Zhang ( zhangtz@ 123456nwipb.cas.cn )

                Academic editor: Marzio Zapparoli

                Article
                39033
                10.3897/zookeys.892.39033
                6892957
                Penghai Qiao, Wen Qin, Huiqin Ma, Gonghua Lin, Tongzuo Zhang

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Categories
                Research Article
                Animalia
                Arthropoda
                Chilopoda
                Invertebrata
                Lithobiidae
                Lithobiomorpha
                Pleurostigmophora
                Systematics
                Taxonomy
                Asia
                Central Asia
                China
                Tibet

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