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      Predicting tobacco use among high school students by using the global youth tobacco survey in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


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          To identify the predictors that lead to cigarette smoking among high school students by utilizing the global youth tobacco survey in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).


          A cross-sectional study was conducted among high school students (grades 10–12) in Riyadh, KSA, between April 24, 2010, and June 16, 2010.


          The response rate of the students was 92.17%. The percentage of high school students who had previously smoked cigarettes, even just 1–2 puffs, was 43.3% overall. This behavior was more common among male students (56.4%) than females (31.3%). The prevalence of students who reported that they are currently smoking at least one cigarette in the past 30 days was 19.5% (31.3% and 8.9% for males and females, respectively). “Ever smoked” status was associated with male gender (OR = 2.88, confidence interval [CI]: 2.28–3.63), parent smoking (OR = 1.70, CI: 1.25–2.30) or other member of the household smoking (OR = 2.11, CI: 1.59–2.81) who smoked, closest friends who smoked (OR = 8.17, CI: 5.56–12.00), and lack of refusal to sell cigarettes (OR = 5.68, CI: 2.09–15.48).


          Several predictors of cigarette smoking among high school students were identified.

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          Most cited references36

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          World Health Organization.

          Ala Alwan (2007)
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            Smoking-attributable mortality, years of potential life lost, and productivity losses--United States, 2000-2004.

            Cigarette smoking and exposure to tobacco smoke are associated with premature death from chronic diseases, economic losses to society, and a substantial burden on the United States health-care system. Smoking is the primary causal factor for at least 30% of all cancer deaths, for nearly 80% of deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and for early cardiovascular disease and deaths. In 2005, to assess the economic and public health burden from smoking, CDC published results of an analysis of smoking-attributable mortality (SAM), years of potential life lost (YPLL), and productivity losses in the United States from smoking during 1997-2001. The analysis was based on data from CDC's Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Morbidity, and Economic Costs (SAMMEC) system, which estimates SAM, YPLL, and productivity losses based on data from the National Health Interview Survey and death certificate data from the National Center for Health Statistics. This report presents an update of that analysis for 2000-2004, the most recent years for which source data are available. The updated analysis indicated that, during 2000-2004, cigarette smoking and exposure to tobacco smoke resulted in at least 443,000 premature deaths, approximately 5.1 million YPLL, and $96.8 billion in productivity losses annually in the United States. Comprehensive, national tobacco-control recommendations have been provided to the public health community with the goal of reducing smoking so substantially that it is no longer a significant public health problem in the United States.
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              Smoking in Saudi Arabia.

              This article reviewed the literature on the epidemiology, consumption, trade, control, prevention, and treatment of tobacco smoking in Saudi Arabia. The prevalence of current smoking in Saudi Arabia ranges from 2.4-52.3% (median = 17.5%). Among school students, the prevalence of current smoking ranges from 12-29.8% (median = 16.5%), among university students from 2.4-37% (median = 13.5%), and among adults from 11.6-52.3% (median = 22.6%). In elderly people, the prevalence of current smoking is 25%. The prevalence of smoking in males ranges from 13-38% (median = 26.5%), while in females it ranges from 1-16% (median = 9%). To conclude, smoking is prevalent in the Saudi population at different age groups. The prevalence of current smoking is much higher in males than in females at different ages. More research is needed in the area of prevention and treatment of smoking.

                Author and article information

                Ann Thorac Med
                Ann Thorac Med
                Annals of Thoracic Medicine
                Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd (India )
                Jul-Sep 2012
                : 7
                : 3
                : 122-129
                [1] College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
                [1 ] School Health Department, Ministry of Education, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
                [2 ] King Abdullah International Center for Medical Research, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
                [3 ] College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
                Author notes
                Address for correspondence: Dr. Mohamed S. Al Moamary, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, P.O. Box 84252, Riyadh 11671, Saudi Arabia. E-mail: almoamary@ 123456yahoo.com
                Copyright: © Annals of Thoracic Medicine

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Original Article

                Respiratory medicine
                tobacco,adolescents,cigarettes,saudi arabia
                Respiratory medicine
                tobacco, adolescents, cigarettes, saudi arabia


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