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      Performance of Twin Central Venous Catheters: Influence of the Inversion of Inlet and Outlet on Recirculation

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          Abstract

          Background: The use of a central venous catheter as a permanent vascular access is constantly growing. The recirculation rate in this type of vascular access varies depending on the site of insertion, the length of the catheter, the blood flow and the time elapsed since catheter insertion. When the in/out flow of the lumens of the catheter is reduced, it is sometimes necessary to inverse the arterial and venous lines of the catheter at the beginning or in the course of the dialysis session. The impact of such a practice on the recirculation rate has only been assessed by the low flow urea dilution method. Methods: The blood recirculation rate was measured using the ultrasound dilution velocity method (Transonic<sup>®</sup> system, Ithaca, N.Y.) in 14 patients (aged 64 ± 15 years), with a right internal jugular (n = 9) or right subclavian (n = 5) central catheter (Twincath, Medcomp<sup>®</sup>), used over a mean period of 16.3 (range 1–42) months. No clinical dysfunction of the catheter was apparently noted. The distance between the vein and the artery end of the catheter was 3.9 ± 2.8 cm, measured on chest radiography. The recirculation rate was measured over a single dialysis session at increasing blood flows in the normal and inversed position of the catheter. Results: The difference between the prescribed and effective blood flow was significant with an effective blood flow of 180± 16 ml/min for 200 ml/min, 264 ± 27 ml/min for 300 ml/min and 329 ± 16 ml/min for 400 ml/min prescribed blood flow. There was no relationship between the recirculation rate and blood flow whatever the position of the lines on the catheter. There was also no relationship between the recirculation rate and the distance between the catheter ends. However, reversing the catheter ends significantly increased the recirculation rates from 2.9 ± 5 to 12 ± 9% whatever the blood flow. Conclusion: The use of central catheters in an inversed position can result in a higher recirculation rate. Reversing the lines of the central catheters may lead to less effective hemodialysis and it seems particularly important for the nursing staff to be aware of this phenomenon. Thus, measurement of the effective blood flow and recirculation by ultrasound velocity should be included in quality monitoring and maintenance.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          BPU
          Blood Purif
          10.1159/issn.0253-5068
          Blood Purification
          S. Karger AG
          0253-5068
          1421-9735
          2002
          2002
          30 January 2002
          : 20
          : 2
          : 182-188
          Affiliations
          aService de Néphrologie-Hémodialyse, Hôpital Saint-André, Bordeaux, et bMeditor Corp., Centre Actipole, Hoenheim, France
          Article
          47007 Blood Purif 2002;20:182–188
          10.1159/000047007
          11818683
          © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 4, Tables: 1, References: 25, Pages: 7
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/47007
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Central catheter, Recirculation, Hemodialysis

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