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      IgA Nephropathy Recurrence after Kidney Transplantation: Role of Recipient Age and Human Leukocyte Antigen-B Mismatch

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          Abstract

          Background: Recurrence of immunoglobulin (Ig)A nephropathy (rIgAN) is a growing cause of kidney allograft dysfunction. This study was aimed at investigating factors associated with rIgAN and the subsequent progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Methods: Retrospective study including consecutive patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) who received a kidney transplant in our center between 1992 and 2016 and had a renal biopsy by clinical indication. The date of detection of chronic kidney disease (CKD) 5 was used as renal outcome. Results: Eighty-six kidney transplants were performed in patients with IgAN, 38 (44%) were from living donors (related n = 26). rIgAN was diagnosed in 23 allografts (27%). Renal function and proteinuria at the end of the follow-up period were worst in the rIgAN patients compared to those without rIgAN (2.2 vs. 1.4 mg/dL, p = 0.014, and 1.16 vs. 0.49 g/day, p = 0.005, respectively). Risk of rIgAN and progression to CKD 5 decreased with patient’s age (hazard ratio [HR] 0.95, 95% CI 0.92–0.98, p = 0.002, and HR 0.97, 95% CI 0.83–0.97, p = 0.008 per year, respectively). Patients with rIgAN had a higher risk of progression to CKD 5 (HR 6.7, 95% CI 1.3–35.7, p = 0.025). Full donor-recipient mismatch in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B loci decreased the risk of rIgAN (HR 0.22, 95% CI 0.06–0.76, p = 0.017). Conclusions: rIgAN was an independent risk factor for ESRD after renal allograft. Younger age increased the risk of rIgAN and CKD 5. Conversely, HLA-B mismatching was a potential protective factor for rIgAN of this glomerular disease.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          AJN
          Am J Nephrol
          10.1159/issn.0250-8095
          American Journal of Nephrology
          S. Karger AG
          0250-8095
          1421-9670
          2020
          May 2020
          18 March 2020
          : 51
          : 5
          : 357-365
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Nephrology and Renal Transplantation, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
          bDepartment of Immunology, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, Spain
          cDepartment of Pathology, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
          dCentro de Referencia en Enfermedad Glomerular Compleja del Sistema Nacional de Salud (CSUR), Barcelona, Spain
          eInstitut d’Investigacions Biomediques August Pi I Sunyer, Barcelona, Spain
          Author notes
          *Lida M. Rodas, Department of Nephrology and Renal Transplantation, Hospital Clinic, Calle Villarroel 170, ES–08036 Barcelona (Spain), E-Mail lmrodas@clinic.cat
          Article
          506853 Am J Nephrol 2020;51:357–365
          10.1159/000506853
          32187607
          © 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 6, Tables: 3, Pages: 9
          Categories
          Transplantation: Research Article

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