Blog
About

19
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Longer and more frequent marine heatwaves over the past century

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Heatwaves are important climatic extremes in atmospheric and oceanic systems that can have devastating and long-term impacts on ecosystems, with subsequent socioeconomic consequences. Recent prominent marine heatwaves have attracted considerable scientific and public interest. Despite this, a comprehensive assessment of how these ocean temperature extremes have been changing globally is missing. Using a range of ocean temperature data including global records of daily satellite observations, daily in situ measurements and gridded monthly in situ-based data sets, we identify significant increases in marine heatwaves over the past century. We find that from 1925 to 2016, global average marine heatwave frequency and duration increased by 34% and 17%, respectively, resulting in a 54% increase in annual marine heatwave days globally. Importantly, these trends can largely be explained by increases in mean ocean temperatures, suggesting that we can expect further increases in marine heatwave days under continued global warming.

          Abstract

          Marine heatwaves are climatic extremes with devastating and long-term impacts on marine ecosystems, fisheries and aquaculture. Here the authors use a range of ocean temperature observations to identify significant increases in marine heatwaves over the past century.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 73

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Global analyses of sea surface temperature, sea ice, and night marine air temperature since the late nineteenth century

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            A Pacific Interdecadal Climate Oscillation with Impacts on Salmon Production

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Estimates of the Regression Coefficient Based on Kendall's Tau

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                eric.oliver@dal.ca
                Journal
                Nat Commun
                Nat Commun
                Nature Communications
                Nature Publishing Group UK (London )
                2041-1723
                10 April 2018
                10 April 2018
                2018
                : 9
                Affiliations
                [1 ]ISNI 0000 0004 1936 8200, GRID grid.55602.34, Department of Oceanography, , Dalhousie University, ; 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2 Canada
                [2 ]ISNI 0000 0004 1936 826X, GRID grid.1009.8, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, , University of Tasmania, ; 20 Castray Esplanade, Battery Point, Private Bag 129, Hobart, TAS 7001 Australia
                [3 ]ISNI 0000 0004 1936 826X, GRID grid.1009.8, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science, , University of Tasmania, ; Private Bag 129, Hobart, TAS 7001 Australia
                [4 ]ISNI 0000 0004 4902 0432, GRID grid.1005.4, Climate Change Research Centre, , University of New South Wales, ; Gate 11 Botany Street, Library Walk, Level 4, Matthews Building, Sydney, NSW 2052 Australia
                [5 ]ISNI 0000 0004 4902 0432, GRID grid.1005.4, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science, , University of New South Wales, ; Gate 11 Botany Street, Library Walk, Level 4, Matthews Building, Sydney, NSW 2052 Australia
                [6 ]Scottish Association for Marine Science, Scottish Marine Institute, Oban, Argyll, PA37 1QA Scotland UK
                [7 ]ISNI 0000000121682483, GRID grid.8186.7, Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences, , Aberystwyth University, ; Aberystwyth, SY23 3DA UK
                [8 ]Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB UK
                [9 ]ISNI 0000 0004 1936 7910, GRID grid.1012.2, UWA Oceans Institute and School of Biological Sciences, , The University of Western Australia, ; Crawley, WA 6009 Australia
                [10 ]ISNI 0000 0001 0328 1619, GRID grid.1046.3, Australian Institute of Marine Science, ; PMB 3, Townsville MC, QLD 4810 Australia
                [11 ]CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Crawley, 6009 WA Australia
                [12 ]CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, TAS 7000 Australia
                [13 ]ISNI 0000 0004 1936 826X, GRID grid.1009.8, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Climate Extremes, , University of Tasmania, ; Private Bag 129, Hobart, TAS 7001 Australia
                [14 ]ISNI 0000000122986657, GRID grid.34477.33, School of Oceanography, , University of Washington, ; Seattle, 98105 WA USA
                [15 ]ISNI 0000 0001 2168 7479, GRID grid.422706.5, NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, ; Seattle, 98115 WA USA
                Article
                3732
                10.1038/s41467-018-03732-9
                5893591
                29636482
                © The Author(s) 2018

                Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

                Categories
                Article
                Custom metadata
                © The Author(s) 2018

                Uncategorized

                Comments

                Comment on this article