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# Synthesis and Characterization of Anatase Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles Using Egg White Solution via Sol-Gel Method

Journal of Chemistry

Hindawi Limited

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### Abstract

Anatase titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TNPs) are synthesized by a simple and cost-effective process with and without freshly water-soluble egg white proteins (albumin) via sol-gel method. The main advantage of using egg white proteins as a gelling agent is that it can provide long-term stability for nanoparticles by preventing particles agglomeration. The X-ray diffraction and FTIR results indicate that the synthesized nanoparticles have only the anatase structure without the presence of any other phase impurities. Additionally, the TNPs are characterized by a number of techniques such as thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and ultraviolet visible spectra (UV-vis). The sizes of titanium dioxide nanoparticles with and without using egg white solution are $12.55 ± 3.42$ nm and $21.45 ± 4.21$ nm, respectively. The results indicate that egg white solution is a reliable and cheap green gelling agent that can be used as a matrix in the sol-gel method to synthesis tiny size TNPs.

### Most cited references22

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### Titanium dioxide nanomaterials: synthesis, properties, modifications, and applications.

(2007)
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• Record: found

### Effects of altervalent cation doping of titania on its performance as a photocatalyst for water cleavage

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### Doped-TiO2: A Review

(2008)
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### Author and article information

###### Journal
Journal of Chemistry
Journal of Chemistry
Hindawi Limited
2090-9063
2090-9071
2013
2013
: 2013
:
: 1-5
10.1155/2013/848205