Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Mechanisms Involved in Serotonin-Induced Vasodilatation

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          In vitro investigations have identified three major mechanisms which could contribute to the vasodilator action of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT): direct vascular smooth muscle relaxation; prejunctional inhibition of noradrenaline release from vascular sympathetic nerve terminals; and release of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). In vivo studies have shown that in pig and cat common carotid circulations, rabbit hind-quarter and mesenteric circulations, and rat systemic vasculature, direct vascular smooth muscle relaxation may be the predominant mechanism involved, but the contribution of EDRF release remains to be established. In other circulations in vivo (dog femoral and common carotid), prejunctional inhibition of vascular sympathetic tone is the predominant mechanism responsible for serotonin-induced vasodilatation. All of these actions are mediated by 5-HT<sub>1</sub>-like receptors, but different subtypes seem to be involved in each of these mechanisms. The prejunctional inhibitory receptor has been the most studied; depending on the tissue, these subtypes may resemble 5-HT<sub>1A</sub>, 5-HT<sub>1B</sub>, 5-HT<sub>1c</sub> or 5-HT<sub>1D</sub> binding sites, or the contractile receptor in dog saphenous vein.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5330-8
          978-3-318-01614-7
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1990
          1990
          23 September 2008
          : 27
          : 2-5
          : 116-126
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology, University of Sydney, Australia
          Article
          158802 Blood Vessels 1990;27:116–126
          10.1159/000158802
          © 1990 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          Mechanisms of Vasodilatation

          Comments

          Comment on this article