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Estado de Salud Oral y Asistencia al Control Odontológico en Escolares de 12 Años, Comuna de Penco, Región del Biobío Translated title: Oral Health Status and Dental Assistance Control in 12-year-old School Children in the Penco Municipality, Biobío Region

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      Abstract

      La caries dental y la enfermedad periodontal poseen una alta prevalencia en los distintos grupos etarios a nivel nacional generando un problema sanitario complejo. El objetivo fue evaluar el estado de salud oral y asistencia al control odontológico en pacientes escolares de 12 años en la comuna de Penco. Se realizó un estudio observacional analítico con un muestreo sistemático de 214 de escolares de 12 años. La prevalencia de caries fue de 61,03%, sin diferencia estadística entre sexo (valor p~0,29). El COPD promedio fue 3,44. El 47% asistió al dentista en los últimos 6 meses. El promedio COPD disminuyó en los últimos 10 años (de 4,77 a 3,44), siendo estadísticamente significativo (valor p~0,00). De acuerdo a los indicadores observados, se concluye que los escolares de 12 años presentan un mal estado de salud oral y menos de la mitad ha asistido a control los últimos 6 meses.

      Translated abstract

      Dental caries and periodontal disease have a high prevalence in the different age groups, creating a complex health problem. The objective of this study was to evaluate the state of oral health and dental attendance controls in 12-year-old patients at the elementary school in the town of Penco. We used a descriptive trans-sectional study with systematic sample of two hundred and fourteen (214) 12-year-old schoolchildren. The results showed a prevalence of caries of 61.03%, with no statistical difference between sexes (value p ~ 0.29). The COPD average was 3.44. Of the studied population 47% have been attended by the dentist in the last 6 months. The average COPD has declined in the last 10 years (from 4.77 to 3.44) with statistically significant value p ~ 0.00. According to the indicators observed, we conclude that 12-year-old school children have poor oral health and less than half have been monitored in the last 6 months.

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      Most cited references 16

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      The World Oral Health Report 2003: continuous improvement of oral health in the 21st century--the approach of the WHO Global Oral Health Programme.

      Chronic diseases and injuries are the leading health problems in all but a few parts of the world. The rapidly changing disease patterns throughout the world are closely linked to changing lifestyles, which include diets rich in sugars, widespread use of tobacco, and increased consumption of alcohol. In addition to socio-environmental determinants, oral disease is highly related to these lifestyle factors, which are risks to most chronic diseases as well as protective factors such as appropriate exposure to fluoride and good oral hygiene. Oral diseases qualify as major public health problems owing to their high prevalence and incidence in all regions of the world, and as for all diseases, the greatest burden of oral diseases is on disadvantaged and socially marginalized populations. The severe impact in terms of pain and suffering, impairment of function and effect on quality of life must also be considered. Traditional treatment of oral diseases is extremely costly in several industrialized countries, and not feasible in most low-income and middle-income countries. The WHO Global Strategy for Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases, added to the common risk factor approach is a new strategy for managing prevention and control of oral diseases. The WHO Oral Health Programme has also strengthened its work for improved oral health globally through links with other technical programmes within the Department for Noncommunicable Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. The current oral health situation and development trends at global level are described and WHO strategies and approaches for better oral health in the 21st century are outlined.
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        Oral health, general health and quality of life

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          Oral health surveys basic methods

           PE Petersen (2004)
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] Universidad del Desarrollo Concepción Chile
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            ijodontos
            International journal of odontostomatology
            Int. J. Odontostomat.
            Universidad de La Frontera. Facultad de Medicina (Temuco )
            0718-381X
            December 2013
            : 7
            : 3
            : 389-394
            S0718-381X2013000300009
            10.4067/S0718-381X2013000300009

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Chile
            Categories
            DENTISTRY, ORAL SURGERY & MEDICINE

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