To assess the prognostic value of early echocardiographic indices of right ventricular function and vasoactive peptides for prediction of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or death in very preterm infants.
Prospective study involving 294 very preterm infants (median [IQR] gestational age 28.4 [26.4–30.4] weeks, birth weight 1065 [800–1380] g), of whom 57 developed BPD (oxygen supplementation at 36 weeks postmenstrual age) and 10 died. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), right ventricular index of myocardial performance (RIMP), plasma concentrations of mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) and C-terminal pro-endothelin-1 (CT-proET1) were measured on day 7 of life.
RIMP was significantly increased (median [IQR] 0.3 [0.23–0.38] vs 0.22 [0.15–0.29]), TAPSE decreased (median [IQR] 5.0 [5.0–6.0] vs 6.0 [5.4–7.0] mm), MR-proANP increased (median [IQR] 784 [540–936] vs 353 [247–625] pmol/L), and CT-proET1 increased (median [IQR] 249 [190–345] vs 199 [158–284] pmol/L) in infants who developed BPD or died, as compared to controls. All variables showed significant but weak correlations with each other ( r S -0.182 to 0.359) and predicted BPD/death with similar accuracy (areas under receiver operator characteristic curves 0.62 to 0.77). Multiple regression revealed only RIMP and birth weight as independent predictors of BPD or death.