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Lagrangian formulation for Mathisson-Papapetrou-Tulczyjew-Dixon (MPTD) equations

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      Abstract

      We obtain Mathisson-Papapetrou-Tulczyjew-Dixon equations of a rotating body with given values of spin and momentum starting from Lagrangian action without auxiliary variables. MPTD-equations correspond to minimal interaction of our spinning particle with gravity. We shortly discuss some novel properties deduced from the Lagrangian form of MPTD-equations: emergence of an effective metric instead of the original one, non-commutativity of coordinates of representative point of the body, spin corrections to Newton potential due to the effective metric as well as spin corrections to the expression for integrals of motion of a given isometry.

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      Most cited references 18

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        A covariant multipole formalism for extended test bodies in general relativity

         W. Dixon (1964)
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          Hamiltonian of a spinning test-particle in curved spacetime

          Using a Legendre transformation, we compute the unconstrained Hamiltonian of a spinning test-particle in a curved spacetime at linear order in the particle spin. The equations of motion of this unconstrained Hamiltonian coincide with the Mathisson-Papapetrou-Pirani equations. We then use the formalism of Dirac brackets to derive the constrained Hamiltonian and the corresponding phase-space algebra in the Newton-Wigner spin supplementary condition (SSC), suitably generalized to curved spacetime, and find that the phase-space algebra (q,p,S) is canonical at linear order in the particle spin. We provide explicit expressions for this Hamiltonian in a spherically symmetric spacetime, both in isotropic and spherical coordinates, and in the Kerr spacetime in Boyer-Lindquist coordinates. Furthermore, we find that our Hamiltonian, when expanded in Post-Newtonian (PN) orders, agrees with the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner (ADM) canonical Hamiltonian computed in PN theory in the test-particle limit. Notably, we recover the known spin-orbit couplings through 2.5PN order and the spin-spin couplings of type S_Kerr S (and S_Kerr^2) through 3PN order, S_Kerr being the spin of the Kerr spacetime. Our method allows one to compute the PN Hamiltonian at any order, in the test-particle limit and at linear order in the particle spin. As an application we compute it at 3.5PN order.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            2015-09-16
            2016-04-06
            1509.04926 10.1103/PhysRevD.92.124017

            http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

            Custom metadata
            Phys. Rev. D 92, 124017 (2015)
            12 pages, misprints corrected, references added, close to published version, according to the referee's suggestions
            gr-qc hep-th math-ph math.MP

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