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      Prevalence of learning disabilities among middle school students in Beijing


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          Objective To understand the prevalence and distribution of learning disabilities among middle school students in Beijing.

          Methods By using stratified random cluster sampling, 6 365 students in grade one and grade two of 12 public middle schools in urban and rural in Beijing were selected. Criteria for learning disabilities included the following: on-campus healthy students without serious physical and mental diseases and normal IQ assessed by combined Raven intelligence test; positive in the teacher-rated Screening Scale for Middle School Students with Learning Disabilities; percentile ranking (below the bottom 10% percentile of grade) of the academic performance in the Chinese, mathematics and English tests.

          Results The learning disabilities of the subjects were determined by the teachers and it was found that the score of words reading, reading understanding, words spell, written expression, number calculation, mathematical reasoning and the total score of the scale were respectively (20.78±4.00, 18.16±4.35, 21.50±3.89, 20.06±3.92, 21.12±5.23. 18.67±5.35, 120.28±19.99) points. There were differences in the total score of learning ability between urban and rural areas, gender and grade. Urban area was better than rural area, girls were better than boys, and junior two students were better than junior one students ( t = 12.94, 9.94, 3.07, P < 0.05). A total of 445(7%) students with learning disabilities were detected. Reading disabilities accounted for 5.0%, dysgraphia 2.7% and math disabilities 4.6%. Prevalence of learning ability differed by urban-rural regions, gender and grade, with girls and students from urban areas and grade two being significantly lower ( t = 12.94, 9.94, 3.07, P < 0.05).

          Conclusion The prevalence of learning disabilities in middle school students is high, which needs more attention.


          【摘要】 目的 筛查北京市初中学生学习困难发生率及分布情况, 为后续相关研究和政策制定提供参考。 方法 于2019 年10月到2020年1月, 采用分层随机整群抽样方法, 选取北京市城乡12所公立普通初中的初一、初二年级6 365名全体 学生作为研究对象。使用联合型瑞文智力测验、主课成绩收集、教师判定等方法筛查学习困难学生。 结果 由教师对研究 对象进行学习困难判定发现, 文字阅读、阅读理解、文字书写、书面表达、数字计算、数学推理能力得分和量表总分分别为 (20.78±4.00, 18.16±4.35, 21.50±3.89, 20.06±3.92, 21.12±5.23, 18.67±5.35, 120.28±19.99)分。学习能力总分存在城乡、性 别和年级差异, 城区好于郊区, 女生好于男生, 初二学生好于初一学生( t 值分别为12.94, 9.94, 3.07, P 值均< 0.05)。筛选出 学习困难学生445名, 检出率为7.0%; 阅读困难学生检出率为5.0%, 书写困难学生2.7%, 数学困难学生4.6%。 结论 学 习困难学生在初中学生中发生率较高, 需要高度重视。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          01 January 2022
          01 February 2022
          : 43
          : 1
          : 92-95
          [1] 1Division of Prevention and Community Health, Center for Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing (102300), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: ZHU Guangrong, E-mail: zhuguangrong@ 123456bjmu.edu.cn
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Learning disorders,Mental health,Students,Underachievement


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