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      Hypoglycemia due to Ectopic Release of Insulin from a Paraganglioma

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          Abstract

          Insulin-secreting pancreatic tumors and insulin-like growth hormone-secreting non-islet cell tumors can cause hypoglycemia. However, insulin-releasing paraganglioma or pheochromocytoma has almost never been reported. A 67-year-old female patient was admitted to our hospital because of headache, palpitation, perspiration, faintness, frequent sense of hunger and absent-mindedness. These intermittent symptoms had begun approximately a year before admission. On physical examination, she had high blood pressure of 150/90 mm Hg. Hormonal studies demonstrated increased urinary norepinephrine levels, and hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia was confirmed while the patient was symptomatic. Abdominal MRI revealed a retroperitoneal mass measuring 4.5 cm in the pancreatic region. She was treated with an alpha-blocking agent to control blood pressure preceding the removal of the mass. Histopathological diagnosis was paraganglioma, and immunohistochemically insulin staining in the neoplastic cells was demonstrated. Her blood pressure normalized and hypoglycemia relieved after the operation. The patient did not have recurrence of hypoglycemia after a year of follow-up. Paraganglioma is a rare tumor of the neural crest, and co-secretion of insulin and catecholamines has been reported only by a single case report in the literature. The present patient is another case with this co-secretion.

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          Most cited references 17

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          Hypoglycemic disorders.

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            [ACTH-producing paraganglioma of the paranasal sinuses].

            Paragangliomas are tumours of neuroectodermal origin and hormonally active in rare instances. They are very unusual in the paranasal sinuses. We report on the first case--as far as we know--of a recurrent nasal paraganglioma, which started to produce ACTH after a period of ten years and resulted in Cushing's syndrome. Resection of the tumour normalised ACTH and cortisol secretion.
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              Hypoglycemia due to an insulin-secreting small-cell carcinoma of the cervix.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                2007
                May 2007
                05 February 2007
                : 67
                : 6
                : 292-295
                Affiliations
                aDivision of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, and bDepartment of Pathology, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Çapa, Istanbul, Turkey
                Article
                99291 Horm Res 2007;67:292–295
                10.1159/000099291
                17284922
                © 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, References: 25, Pages: 4
                Categories
                Novel Insights from Clinical Practice

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