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      The Discovery of Renal Contrast Media in Berlin

      a , b

      American Journal of Nephrology

      S. Karger AG

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          Abstract

          After X-rays were detected and cystoscopes had become available, progress in nephrology depended on the development of contrast media which would permit imaging of the kidneys and the urinary system. We describe how A. Binz and C. Räth, two chemists at the Agricultural Academy in Berlin, synthesized iodinated derivatives which were potent chemotherapeutics. Moses Swick tested the substances in the clinics of L. Lichtwitz (Hamburg) and A. von Lichtenberg (Berlin) and discovered a rapid renal excretion. He also observed that an iodinated N-acetylated derivative, later named Uro-Selectan, amplified X-ray contrast after intravenous application. With this substance and other derivatives which were produced by Schering-Kahlbaum AG, the door was open for excretion urography.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          AJN
          Am J Nephrol
          10.1159/issn.0250-8095
          American Journal of Nephrology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-7424-2
          978-3-318-00852-4
          0250-8095
          1421-9670
          2002
          July 2002
          27 June 2002
          : 22
          : 2-3
          : 295-299
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Clinical Physiology, Freie Universität Berlin, and bDepartment of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Klinikum Ernst-von-Bergmann, Potsdam, Germany
          Article
          63777 Am J Nephrol 2002;22:295–299
          10.1159/000063777
          12097756
          © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 8, Tables: 2, References: 18, Pages: 5
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/63777
          Categories
          Diagnostics of Kidney Diseases

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

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