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      Usage of T Cell Receptor Variable Segments of the Beta-Chain in IgA Nephropathy

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          Abstract

          Background: We previously reported that glomerulonephritis associated with Staphylococcus aureus infection (SAGN) showed an increased usage of T cell receptor Vβ 5.3 and 8 in peripheral lymphocytes and mesangial IgA and IgG depositions. To elucidate the immunological mechanisms and pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy, we analyzed the usage of TCR Vβ in both peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) and renal infiltrating T cells from IgA-N patients. Methods: In 38 patients with IgA nephropathy and controls, the usage of TCR Vβ in PBLs were analyzed using monoclonal antibodies against Vβ 3.1, Vβ 5.1, Vβ 5.2 + 5.3, Vβ 5.3, Vβ 6.7, Vβ 8, Vβ 12.1, and Vβ 13.1 + 13.3 with three-color flow cytometry. Furthermore, we examined immunohistochemically renal biopsy specimens using antibodies against Vβ 5.3 and Vβ 8. Results: The percentages of DR+CD4+CD8– cells, CD45RO+CD4+ cells, and CD45RO+CD4+DR+ cells in PBLs from IgA nephropathy were significantly higher than controls. The percentages of TCR Vβ 5.3 positive cells and TCR Vβ 8 positive cells in PBLs from patients were 1.3 ± 0.1 and 3.1 ± 0.2%, and both were significantly higher than controls. The percentage of renal interstitial TCR Vβ 5.3 expression was significantly higher than that in PBLs. However, there was no significant difference between the TCR Vβ 8 expression in the interstitium and that in PBLs. Conclusions: TCR Vβ 5.3 and 8 usage and broad CD4+ T cell activation have occurred in IgA nephropathy. These changes were similar but weak compared with formerly reported SAGN.

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          Evidence for superantigen involvement in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus aetiology.

          Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is a T-cell-mediated autoimmune disease whose onset is believed to be triggered by unknown environmental factors acting on a predisposing genetic background. Islet-infiltrating T (IIT) cells from two IDDM patients, who had died at the onset of the disease from brain swelling as a complication of ketoacidosis, were analysed. The results provided evidence for the involvement of a pancreatic islet cell membrane-bound superantigen as a diabetes aetiopathogenetic factor. There was a selective expansion of a T-cell receptor (TCR) variable segment of the beta-chain (V beta 7) in these IIT cells in association with unselected V alpha-chain segments; extensive junctional diversity of the TCR V beta 7 chains; and evidence of positive selection, after exposure to diabetic islet cell membrane preparations, of V beta 7+ T-cell clones among peripheral blood lymphocytes from non-diabetic individuals.
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            Haemophilus parainfluenzae antigen and antibody in renal biopsy samples and serum of patients with IgA nephropathy

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              NEF
              Nephron
              10.1159/issn.1660-8151
              Nephron
              S. Karger AG
              1660-8151
              2235-3186
              2002
              September 2002
              14 August 2002
              : 92
              : 1
              : 56-63
              Affiliations
              aInstitute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tsukuba, and bDepartment of Nephrology, Tokyo Medical University Kasumigaura Hospital, Ibaraki, Japan
              Article
              64488 Nephron 2002;92:56–63
              10.1159/000064488
              12187085
              © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 2, Tables: 3, References: 29, Pages: 8
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/64488
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              Original Paper

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