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      Numerical Analysis and Model Test Verification of Energy and Cavitation Characteristics of Axial Flow Pumps

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      Water
      MDPI AG

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          Abstract

          In order to study the energy and cavitation performance of a high-ratio axial flow pump, the SST k-ω turbulence model and ZGB cavitation model were used to numerically calculate the energy and cavitation performance of a high-ratio axial flow pump, and a model test analysis was carried out. The study concluded that the errors in the numerical calculation of head, efficiency, and critical cavitation margin are within 0.2 m, about 3% and 5%, respectively, and the numerical calculation results are reliable. For the flow conditions of Q = 411 L/s, 380 L/s, 348 L/s, and 234 L/s, the numerically calculated critical cavitation margins are 7.1 m, 5.7 m, 4.6 m, and 9.5 m, respectively, and the experimental critical cavitation margins are 7.5 m, 4.9 m, 4.6 m, and 9.5 m, respectively, with errors of −0.4 m, 0.8 m, 0.0 m, and 0.0 m, in that order; numerical calculations and test results trend the same, with small errors. Under the same inlet pressure, as the flow rate decreases, the vacuole first appears at the head of the blade pressure surface under the large flow rate condition (Q = 411 L/s), and the vacuole appears at the head of the blade suction surface under the small flow rate condition (Q = 234 L/s). As the inlet pressure decreases (pin = 11 × 104–4 × 104 Pa), the vacuole gradually increases under the same flow rate and the cavitation degree increases. The research results of this paper can provide a reference for the study of the energy and cavitation mechanism of the same type of axial flow pump.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                WATEGH
                Water
                Water
                MDPI AG
                2073-4441
                September 2022
                September 13 2022
                : 14
                : 18
                : 2853
                Article
                10.3390/w14182853
                e191396b-da90-453d-9d96-d39e9ae456db
                © 2022

                https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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