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Erros de utilização de assentos de segurança infantil por menores de 4 anos Translated title: Child safety seat usage errors in under-4s

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      Abstract

      OBJETIVO: Analisar erros de utilização de assentos de segurança infantil por crianças matriculadas em creches e fatores relacionados. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional transversal de coleta de dados prospectiva e eixo analítico retrospectivo. RESULTADOS: Um total de 42,7% das crianças apresentava erros de utilização. O modelo de regressão logística evidenciou maiores chances de erros na presença de duas ou mais crianças no veículo (odds ratio = 5,10, p = 0,007) e menores níveis de escolaridade e renda dos pais (renda e escolaridade médias: odds ratio = 7,00, p = 0,003; renda e escolaridade baixas: odds ratio = 3,40, p = 0,03). CONCLUSÃO: Os dados são coerentes com publicações internacionais.

      Translated abstract

      OBJECTIVE: To analyze child safety seat usage errors among children enrolled at daycare. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, observational study with prospective data collection and a retrospective analytical axis. RESULTS: Overall, 42.7% of the children studied were in incorrectly used seats. A logistic regression model showed that the likelihood of usage errors was higher if there were two or more children in the vehicle (odds ratio = 5.10, p = 0.007) and was dependent on parents' educational level and income (medium income and educational level: odds ratio = 7.00, p = 0.003; low income and educational level: odds ratio = 3.40, p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: The results of this study are in line with findings reported in international publications.

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      Child passenger safety.

       Adam Durbin,   (2011)
      Despite significant reductions in the number of children killed in motor vehicle crashes over the past decade, crashes continue to be the leading cause of death for children 4 years and older. Therefore, the American Academy of Pediatrics continues to recommend inclusion of child passenger safety anticipatory guidance at every health-supervision visit. This technical report provides a summary of the evidence in support of 5 recommendations for best practices to optimize safety in passenger vehicles for children from birth through adolescence that all pediatricians should know and promote in their routine practice. These recommendations are presented in the revised policy statement on child passenger safety in the form of an algorithm that is intended to facilitate their implementation by pediatricians with their patients and families. The algorithm is designed to cover the majority of situations that pediatricians will encounter in practice. In addition, a summary of evidence on a number of additional issues that affect the safety of children in motor vehicles, including the proper use and installation of child restraints, exposure to air bags, travel in pickup trucks, children left in or around vehicles, and the importance of restraint laws, is provided. Finally, this technical report provides pediatricians with a number of resources for additional information to use when providing anticipatory guidance to families.
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        Vehicle child restraint usage for Pacific children aged 6 weeks to 4 years: findings from the Pacific Islands Families study.

        Child restraint systems (CRSs) for vehicles are designed to provide protection and prevent or reduce child mortality and morbidity in road traffic accidents. Overall, 90% of children under 5 years of age in New Zealand currently use CRSs. There is considerable regional variability in CRS usage, but little information exists on its ethnic variations or determinants. "Increasing the level of restraint use" is explicitly stated as one of the 13 priorities within the New Zealand Ministry of Transport's new road safety strategy. As such, understanding CRS prevalence, patterns and associates within different communities is essential in realising this priority. Utilising a large birth cohort of Pacific children (n=1376 mothers), this study aimed to report the prevalence of maternal self-reported car seat usage at the 6 weeks, 1-year, and 2 years postpartum measurement waves; car/booster seat usage at the 4 years postpartum measurement wave; and to identify important associates using generalised estimating equation (GEE) models. Car seats were not used by 161 (11.8%) Pacific children at the 6 weeks measurement wave, 71 (5.8%) at 1-year, and 44 (3.8%) at 2 years, while car/booster seats were not used by 139 (13.3%) at the 4 years wave. Multivariable GEE model results revealed that mothers with no formal education, high parity, who smoked tobacco, lower household income, who lacked English language proficiency, and had multiple births were all at higher odds of failing to use car seat/booster seats. Despite differential attrition being noted in mothers over time, a sensitivity analysis using multiple imputation methods yielded similar findings. Targeted initiatives and education programs focusing on these higher risk groups, in particular, is needed to increase uptake and use of CRS thereby decreasing Pacific children's exposure to injury risk. As New Zealand has a large and increasing proportion of Pacific, Maori and Asian people, there is a continuing need to understand cultural factors in traffic safety. Only when culturally appropriate initiatives and education programs have been developed and disseminated that meet the needs of New Zealand's different communities is the national priority likely to be realised.
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          Premature graduation of children in child restraint systems: An observational study

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] Universidade Estadual de Maringá Brazil
            [2 ] Universidade de São Paulo Brazil
            [3 ] Universidade Estadual de Maringá Brazil
            [4 ] Universidade Estadual de Maringá Brazil
            [5 ] Universidade Estadual de Maringá Brazil
            [6 ] Universidade Estadual de Maringá Brazil
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            jped
            Jornal de Pediatria
            J. Pediatr. (Rio J.)
            Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria (Porto Alegre )
            1678-4782
            August 2012
            : 88
            : 4
            : 297-302
            S0021-75572012000400004
            10.2223/JPED.2189

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Brazil
            Categories
            PEDIATRICS

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