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Behavior of broiler chickens in four different substrates: a choice test

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      Abstract

      The aim of this study was to determine the selection of bedding material by broiler chickens during the rearing period and whether the choice was determinant to their performing a specific behavior. To achieve this objective, a choice test was designed. A choice pen was constructed where birds could move freely around the four selected materials (straw, wood shavings, rice hulls and sand). Chickens were introduced in this pen in four groups of eight birds, three days a week for one hour per day and group, for four weeks. The location and the activity performed by each broiler were recorded every five minutes. Results showed a preference for sand compared with the other three substrates. However, differences between the behaviors performed in each bedding material were shown mainly for resting (preferably performed on wood shavings and straw), dust bathing (on sand), pecking and scratching (on rice hulls). Other factors, such as the time of day, were also found to have effects on fighting and drinking, and changes in behavioral patterns (resting, preening, eating, standing and pecking) were also detected as broilers grew older.

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          Turkeys prefer fluorescent light with supplementary ultraviolet radiation

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] IVIA Spain
            [2 ] Universitat Politècnica de València Spain
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
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            Role: ND
            Journal
            rbca
            Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola
            Rev. Bras. Cienc. Avic.
            Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas (Campinas )
            1806-9061
            March 2014
            : 16
            : 1
            : 67-75
            S1516-635X2014000100010 10.1590/S1516-635X2014000100010

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Brazil
            Categories
            AGRICULTURE, DAIRY & ANIMAL SCIENCE
            ORNITHOLOGY

            Animal agriculture, Ornithology

            broiler, choice test, litter, preference, Behavior

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