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      Chemical Preservation of Urine Sediment for Phase-Contrast Microscopic Examination

      , ,

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Urine, Haematuria, Microscopy, Fixative, Method

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          Abstract

          A major difficulty in diagnostic urinary microscopy is the need to observe a freshly passed urine specimen. This study illustrates the use of glutaraldehyde (GA) and formaldehyde (FA) to preserve urinary sediment for diagnostic microscopy. GA and FA in whole urine cause a precipitate to form if there is a trace or more of proteinuria. This can be eliminated by centrifugation and fixation of urine sediment. Red blood cells (RBC) and casts are adequately preserved for diagnostic microscopy for at least 3 months. However, subtle changes in RBC morphology consisting of hexagonal distortion and wrinkling of cell margins are seen in some cells. White blood cells (WBC) are less reliably preserved. Diagnostic phase-contrast microscopy can be performed on urine sediment stored at room temperature for up to 3 months after fixation with GA or FA.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1994
          1994
          17 December 2008
          : 68
          : 2
          : 180-183
          Affiliations
          Department of Nephrology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Australia
          Article
          188253 Nephron 1994;68:180–183
          10.1159/000188253
          7830854
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Urine, Haematuria, Microscopy, Fixative, Method

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