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      Exploration and intervention of campus exclusive behavior from the perspective of evolutionary psychology

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          Abstract

          Campus exclusion behavior attracts much attention in the filed of school-based social exclusion research field. It threatens the normal relationship and belonging acquisition of primary and secondary school students, resulting in frustration of students’ needs and negative emotions and behaviors, inability to handle classmates and social relationships well, and hindering mental health development of. Evolution believes that behaviors have a certain adaptive value. From the perspective of evolutionary psychology, a preliminary interpretation of the influencing factors of exclusion in terms of language, needs and motivations, and social status has been made. Resource acquisition, hunting-gathering hypothesis, homosexual competition, etc. Provides a certain evolutionary basis. Therefore, in the intervention and prevention of rejection behaviors, creating a campus atmosphere that accepts diversity has a positive effect on the guidance of all students, and strengthening emotional and cognitive interventions also alleviates the adverse effects of rejection behaviors.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 校园排斥行为作为社会排斥研究的校园层面尤为人们关注, 其威胁中小学生正常的关系和归属获取, 致使学生 的需要受挫, 产生负面情绪和行为, 不能很好地处理同学以及社会关系, 阻碍了心理健康的发展。进化中认为行为都有 其一定的适应价值, 从进化心理学的角度在语言、需要与动机、社会地位方面对排斥的影响因素作了初步解读, 资源获 取、狩猎-采集假说、同性竞争等都提供了一定的演化基础。因此, 在对于排斥行为的干预和预防时, 营造接纳多样性的 校园氛围对全体学生的引导有着积极作用, 加强情感和认知干预也缓解了排斥行为产生的不良影响。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 May 2021
          01 June 2021
          : 42
          : 5
          : 796-800
          Affiliations
          [1] 1College of Education Science, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang (110034), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: YANG Shuo, E-mail: yaxin_83@ 123456126.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.05.037
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.05.037
          e252ee9a-d275-4eed-a640-57e22d6fb787
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Psychology,Students,Mental health,Ageism

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