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      Four new species of Closterocerus Westwood (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) from China, with a key to Chinese species

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      ZooKeys

      Pensoft Publishers

      Chalcidoidea , Entedoninae , natural enemy, parasitoid wasp, taxonomy

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          Abstract

          Four new species of Closterocerus Westwood, C. rectisulcus sp. nov., C. shaanxiensis sp. nov., C. separatus sp. nov. and C. unifasciatus sp. nov. are described from China, each with a distinct pattern on the fore wings, and belonging to subgenus Closterocerus . A key to all species of the genus Closterocerus in China is provided.

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          Most cited references 10

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          Collecting and preserving chalcid wasps (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea)

           John S. Noyes (2007)
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            Re-evaluation of the genus Closterocerus Westwood (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), with a revision of the Nearctic species

            The taxonomic status and delimitation of the genus Closterocerus Westwood is discussed, partly on the basis of new characters. The following genera are synonymized with Closterocerus: Achrysocharis Girault (maintained as subgenus), Achrysocharella Girault, Cecidiophaga Erdös, Chrysocharidia Erdös, Halochariessa Erdös, Halocharis Erdös, Moserina Delucchi, Pseudochrysocharis Girault, Wolffiella Krausse. The genus Chrysonotomyia Ashmead is regarded as a valid genus, but most species previously recognized in Chrysonotomyia are transferred to Closterocerus. The Nearctic species of Closterocerus are revised, and a key to the species is given. Twenty-one species are recognized, of which 8 are described as new: brachyphagus, carolinae, cyaneus, longus, nitidus, nius, texanus, violaceus. Four new synonyms are suggested: Chrysonotomyia baliosa Yoshimoto and C. cunicularia Yoshimoto = Closterocerus cinctipennis Ashmead; Pleurotropis tricinctus Ashmead and Closterocerus winnemanae Crawford = Closterocerus trifasciatus Westwood. Seven Nearctic species are newly transferred to Closterocerus: Achrysocharis partifuscipennis Ashmead and Moserina maculata Delucchi from Omphale, Achrysocharis phenacaspia Yoshimoto, A. spiniformis Moser, A. vesiculis Moser, Chrysonotomyia solidaginis Yoshimoto and Wolffiella ruforum Krausse all from Chrysonotomyia. The species Closterocerus damastes Walker is reassigned to Closterocerus from Chrysonotomyia. The Palearctic species Achrysocharis lyonetiae Ferrière, Nesomyia cinctiventris Ashmead, Halochariessa germanica Erdös, Entedon lanassa Walker, Achrysocharis smaragdula Graham, Chrysonotomyia yamagishii Kamijo, Halochariessa pannonica Erdös and Halocharis transsylvanica Erdös are newly transferred to Closterocerus from Chrysonotomyia. A neotype is designated for Closterocerus cinctipennis. Lectotypes are designated for Closterocerus utahensis Crawford, C. winnemanae and Pleurotropis tricinctus.
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              Descriptions of miscellaneous North-American chalcidoid Hymenoptera.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048D35-BB1D-5CE8-9668-537E44BD4C7E
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2021
                12 February 2021
                : 1017
                : 21-36
                Affiliations
                [1 ] School of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, 150040, China Northeast Forestry University Harbin China
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Cheng-De Li ( lichengde0608@ 123456sina.com )

                Academic editor: K. van Achterberg

                Article
                62256
                10.3897/zookeys.1017.62256
                7895816
                Ming-Rui Li, Cheng-De Li

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Categories
                Research Article
                Eulophidae
                Taxonomy
                China

                Animal science & Zoology

                taxonomy, parasitoid wasp, natural enemy, entedoninae , chalcidoidea

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