In this report, we investigated the hepatocytic uptake of rosuvastatin when administered with scutellarin (a Chinese herbal medicine) in rats and the role of organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1) plays in the uptake. Forty-eight rats were randomly divided into two groups according to the medicine administered: rosuvastatin alone and rosuvastatin in combination with a series concentration of scutellarin. Rosuvastatin concentrations in blood and liver were measured using the liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method. The uptake was also measured in rat primary hepatocytes and OATP1B1 transfected human embryonic kidney 293 T (HEK293T) cells. The uptake was investigated under the optimal intake conditions. The rosuvastatin Cmax and AUC 0−∞ in rat plasma increased 55% and 61%, respectively in the combination treatment group; and the liver scutellarin concentrations decreased 32%, 34%, and 33% at 1 h, 2 h, and 6 h, respectively. All scutellarin dosages (20, 50, and 100 μM) inhibited the uptake of rosuvastatin in rat primary hepatocytes (4.71%, 22.73%, and 45.89%). Scutellarin of 10 μM significantly inhibited the in vitro uptake of rosuvastatin in OATP1B1-HEK293T cells (P < 0.05), with an IC50 of 60.53 ± 5.74 μM. Scutellarin increases the plasma concentration of rosuvastatin and inhibits the uptake in rat primary hepatocytes and OATP1B1-HEK293T cells, suggesting a drug interaction between scutellarin and rosuvastatin and OATP1B1 as a potential mechanism.