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      Propylthiouracil Hypersensitivity with Circumstantial Evidence for Drug-Induced Reversible Sensorineural Deafness: A Case Report

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          Abstract

          Severe adverse reactions to propylthiouracil occur in 1–5% of patients. Three major side effects, namely agranulocytosis, hepatotoxicity and drug-induced hypersensitivity, have been described though these syndromes are not distinct entities and there can be overlaps in the clinical manifestations. The drug-induced hypersensitivity may be an immune-mediated reaction with multiorgan involvement in which a combination of polyarthritis, cutaneous vasculitis and fever is common. We report a patient with propylthiouracil-induced hypersensitivity with an unusual combination of high spiking fever, migratory polyarthritis, reversible sensorineural deafness, normochromic normocytic anaemia, leucocytosis and hepatotoxicity associated with polyclonal activation of multiple autoantibodies. This case illustrates the highly variable clinical manifestations of the syndrome. The prompt recovery upon withdrawal of the drug indicates the importance of early diagnosis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1991
          1991
          02 December 2008
          : 35
          : 3-4
          : 132-136
          Affiliations
          University Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong
          Article
          181888 Horm Res 1991;35:132–136
          10.1159/000181888
          1806466
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

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