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      Health intervention experiences and associated mental health outcomes in a sample of LGBTQ people with intersex variations in Australia

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          The human rights of intersex people: addressing harmful practices and rhetoric of change

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            Intersex or Diverse Sex Development: Critical Review of Psychosocial Health Care Research and Indications for Practice

            Intersex or diverse sex development (dsd) can be conceptualized as an aspect of bodily diversity that has particular psychosocial implications. This is a review of psychosocial health care literature, published from 2007 to 2017, focusing on the well-being of people with a diagnosis relating to sex development. The analysis I offer here takes a critical psychological approach, questioning norms and taken-for-granted assumptions. This approach works from the understanding that how we know and how we talk about a phenomenon affects people in material and life-changing ways. This article offers recommendations concerning health care communication, the importance of taking time for emotion, and the process of building supportive relationships. The research reviewed provides clear evidence of psychosocial harm that is done through genital intervention and evidence that parents do not routinely give fully informed consent before their children undergo treatment. Finally, I highlight key points and recommendations for health professionals, indicating how psychosocial professionals can contribute to health care and well-being in the context of dsd when appropriately resourced and trained.
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              A national study on the physical and mental health of intersex adults in the U.S.

              Objectives To describe the health of intersex adults (people with differences of sex development) in the U.S. using community-based research methods. Methods In July–September 2018, we conducted a national health study of intersex adults aged 18 and older in the U.S., using a survey hosted on Qualtrics. The study describes the physical and mental health experiences of intersex adults, including differences by age (18 to 39 vs. 40 and older). Questions were derived from national (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System) and intersex-related health studies. Results A non-probability sample of 198 intersex adults completed the survey over three months. Over 43% of participants rated their physical health as fair/poor and 53% reported fair/poor mental health. Prevalent health diagnoses included depression, anxiety, arthritis, and hypertension, with significant differences by age. Nearly a third reported difficulty with everyday tasks and over half reported serious difficulties with cognitive tasks. Conclusions To our knowledge, this is the first national study of intersex adults in the U.S. Greater understanding of intersex health over the life course is essential. Findings highlight the need for longitudinal studies and further examination of potential health disparities experienced by intersex populations.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Culture, Health & Sexuality
                Culture, Health & Sexuality
                Informa UK Limited
                1369-1058
                1464-5351
                August 03 2022
                : 1-14
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
                [2 ]Independent Researcher and Consultant, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
                [3 ]College of Medicine and Health, University of Exeter, Exeter, England, UK
                [4 ]Department of General Practice, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
                Article
                10.1080/13691058.2022.2102677
                e2c078ff-f8af-4b7f-aba4-b9c05ef5148e
                © 2022
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