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      An Analysis of Students' Work Values Education Strategies and Environment Based on Psychological Contract

      research-article
      Journal of Environmental and Public Health
      Hindawi

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          Abstract

          An implicit agreement between people and organizations is known as a psychological contract. It represents what each party anticipates from the other in terms of giving and receiving. The psychological contract theory has forced ideological and political educators to adapt their ideas and develop new teaching strategies. The psychological expectations of the educatees can be fully mobilized and the value orientation of both sides tends to be consistent through the creation of a strong psychological contract between the educators on both sides, which will help to increase the efficacy of ideological and political education. There is theoretical and empirical support for the organizational remedy after a psychological contract breach. Student work is intended to meet the individual needs of students or the needs of society, resulting in two completely distinct values, namely, values based on individuals and values based on societies. Students' work in the new era should be a harmonious blend of personal values and social values. In the study, students' work values fluctuated about 70% of the time, and psychological contracts had a significant impact on those work values. In the past 50 years, the psychological contract theory has seen the development and refinement of its theoretical framework, the clear definition of its content and organizational principles, the behavior research following psychological contract rupture and breach, the establishment and compensation of psychological contracts, and more. The process of organization management has benefited from the continuous concretization and expansion of its application field as a management theory and method.

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          Most cited references20

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          The development of psychological contract breach and violation: a longitudinal study

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            When employees strike back: investigating mediating mechanisms between psychological contract breach and workplace deviance.

            In this article, psychological contract breach, revenge, and workplace deviance are brought together to identify the cognitive, affective, and motivational underpinnings of workplace deviance. On the basis of S. L. Robinson and R. J. Bennett's (1997) model of workplace deviance, the authors proposed that breach (a cognitive appraisal) and violation (an affective response) initiate revenge seeking. Motivated by revenge, employees then engage in workplace deviance. Three studies tested these ideas. All of the studies supported the hypothesized relationships. In addition, self-control was found to be a moderator of the relationship between revenge cognitions and deviant acts; the relationship was weaker for people high in self-control.
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              The Relationship Between Psychological Contract Breach and Employees’ Counterproductive Work Behaviors: The Mediating Effect of Organizational Cynicism and Work Alienation

              Psychological contract breach (PCB) may trigger negative attitudes in employees and ultimately cause further negative behaviors. By drawing on social exchange theory, this study aims to explore the link between PCB and counterproductive work behavior (CWB) by focusing on the mediating role of organizational cynicism and work alienation. We administered a cross-sectional survey of 484 energy company front-line employees. The conceptual model was examined via structural equation modeling. The results suggested that organizational cynicism and work alienation sequentially mediated the relationship between PCB and CWB. This study elucidated the mechanisms underlying the relationship between PCB and CWB by introducing negative attitudes (i.e., organizational cynicism and work alienation) into the model, and offered further evidence that organizations should pay more attention to employees’ PCB and negative attitudes in order to reduce their CWB.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                J Environ Public Health
                J Environ Public Health
                jeph
                Journal of Environmental and Public Health
                Hindawi
                1687-9805
                1687-9813
                2022
                31 August 2022
                : 2022
                : 4798768
                Affiliations
                Foshan Science and Tecnology College, Foshan 528225, China
                Author notes

                Academic Editor: Zhao Kaifa

                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8411-6809
                Article
                10.1155/2022/4798768
                9451961
                e317f052-3de7-4b38-b186-c112e1308788
                Copyright © 2022 Wujun Dai.

                This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 6 July 2022
                : 25 July 2022
                : 27 July 2022
                Categories
                Research Article

                Public health
                Public health

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