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      Evaluation of Lens Transparency Changes through Photographed Images during a 13-Month Observation Period

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          Abstract

          Since the development of the anterior eye segment analysis system, several new types of anterior eye segment biometry have been performed. The main aim of this study was to evaluate whether changes in cataractous progression or an increase in lens transparency loss are detectable during a relatively short period of 13 months by measuring the intrapupillary opaque shadow area through retroillumination images or by calculating the light scattering intensity at the deepest cortical layer of the lens through Scheimpflug slit images. Secondly, the relationship between maximally dilated pupil sizes and patients’ ages and that between cases with and without diabetes were studied. Thirty-one eyes (49.2%) of sixty-three cataractous lenses showed more than 5% increase in the opaque shadow area. Forthy-five eyes (60.0%) showed more than a 5% increase in light scattering intensity. 92.5% of diabetic eyes and 92.3% of nondiabetic eyes showed pupil sizes over 6.5 mm after an instillation of mydriat-ica. In our study the applied method guaranteed a high reproducibility; thus is might be possible to detect an increase in cataractous changes and lens transparancy in around 50% of examined subjects in a period as short a 1 year. For the evaluation of cataract progression through a retroillumination image, the recommendable pupil size is ≧ 6.5 mm.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          ORE
          Ophthalmic Res
          10.1159/issn.0030-3747
          Ophthalmic Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-6245-4
          978-3-318-01917-9
          0030-3747
          1423-0259
          1995
          1995
          11 December 2009
          : 27
          : Suppl 1
          : 86-93
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Ophthalmology, Kanazawa Medical University, Kanazawa, Japan bDivision of Ophthalmology, Anamizu General Hospital, Anamizu, Japan
          Article
          267848 Ophthalmic Res 1995;27:86–93
          10.1159/000267848
          8577468
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Contributions to Non-Invasive Investigation Techniques for the Anterior Eye Segment and the Lens

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