1
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Corticosteroid Regulation of IL-1 Receptors in the Mouse Hippocampus: Effects of Glucocorticoid Treatment, Stress, and Adrenalectomy

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Interleukin-1 (IL-1) and glucocorticoid hormones represent two key mediators involved in the modulation of the neuroimmunoendocrine response to stress. IL-1 is a potent activator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HP A) axis in rodents. In the immune system, glucocorticoids modulate IL-1 production and a number of IL-1 receptors. However, little information is currently available about the modulatory effects that glucocorticoids might exert on IL-1 receptors in the central nervous system. To this purpose, we carried out a series of studies to investigate the effects of various manipulations of the HPA axis on IL-1 binding to the murine hippocampus. Our results show that IL-1 receptor levels in the hippocampus were slightly decreased below control values in dexamethasone (DEX)-treated animals (0.25 or 1 mg/kg i.p. every 12 h) either in subchronic (5 doses) or chronic (8 days) treatments. Corticosterone (CORT) resulted in a small reduction in IL-1 receptors only when injected subchronically at the dose of 5 mg/kg. When it was given at a lower dose (1.25 mg/kg), injected chronically or implanted subcutaneously as CORT pellets for 8 days, no effect was observed. Neither glucocorticoid modified IL-1 binding when administered as a single injection. Saturation studies after subchronic corticosteroid treatment did not reveal modifications in the number and/or affinity of IL-1 receptors in the hippocampus. The regulation of IL-1 receptors by glucocorticoids was also studied following stimulation of IL-1 production by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS administration (30 µg i.p. 24 and 12 h before sacrifice) resulted in a significant reduction in IL-1 binding, but this effect was not modified by DEX treatment. Exposure to stress (sound, cold exposure or foot shock) once a day for 5 days did not modify IL-1-binding levels in the hippocampus. Moreover, hippocampal IL-1 receptor binding was not changed 2 or 7 days after adrenalectomy. The results of the present study suggest that, in contrast to what has been observed in the immune system, IL-1 receptor levels in the murine hippocampus are relatively resistant to modulation by varying levels of circulating glucocorticoids.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1994
          1994
          08 April 2008
          : 59
          : 2
          : 120-128
          Affiliations
          Department of Psychobiology, Cajal Institute, CSIC, Madrid, Spain
          Article
          126648 Neuroendocrinology 1994;59:120–128
          10.1159/000126648
          8127400
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Cytokines and Cytokine Receptors

          Comments

          Comment on this article