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      Renal Functional and Organic Changes Induced by Salt and Prostaglandin Inhibition in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

      , ,

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Meclofenamate, Prostaglandins, Rats, Renal, Hemodynamics, Hypertension

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          Abstract

          The prolonged (3 months) effects of high sodium intake and sodium meclofenamate were studied in two groups of male spontaneously hypertensive rats. Group 1 (8 rats) received 1% NaCl in tap water ad libitum and served as control. Group 2 (8 rats) received, besides 1 % NaCl in tap water, 50 µg/ml of sodium meclofenamate per rat daily. Renal metabolic, hemodynamic and histologic studies were done at the end of the study. The renal functional studies were performed in the unanesthetized, unrestrained state. Group 2 rats developed significantly higher arterial pressures, renal vascular resistance and histologic changes (p < 0.005), larger left ventricular weights (p < 0.05) and significantly lower effective renal plasma flow, renal blood flow (p < 0.005) and glomerular filtration rate (p < 0.05) than group 1 rats. There were no differences between the two groups of rats with respect to heart rate, hematocrit, right ventricular weight, body weight, fluid intake, urine output, sodium and potassium excretion and serum electrolytes. The results suggest that the combination of high sodium intake and prostaglandin synthesis inhibition exert a greater damaging effect on the arterial pressure and renal function of spontaneously hypertensive rats than salt alone.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1980
          1980
          02 December 2008
          : 25
          : 3
          : 151-155
          Affiliations
          Department of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, and Veterans Administration Hospital, Oklahoma City, Okla.
          Article
          181772 Nephron 1980;25:151–155
          10.1159/000181772
          7360301
          © 1980 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Rats, Prostaglandins, Meclofenamate, Renal, Hemodynamics, Hypertension

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