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      Transcervical, intrauterine ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation of uterine fibroids with the VizAblate® System: three- and six-month endpoint results from the FAST-EU study

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          Abstract

          This was a prospective, longitudinal, multicenter, single-arm controlled trial, using independent core laboratory validation of MRI results, to establish the effectiveness and confirm the safety of the VizAblate® System in the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids. The VizAblate System is a transcervical device that ablates fibroids with radiofrequency energy, guided by a built-in intrauterine ultrasound probe. Fifty consecutive women with symptomatic uterine fibroids received treatment with the VizAblate System. Patients had a minimum Menstrual Pictogram score of 120, no desire for fertility, and met additional inclusion and exclusion criteria. The VizAblate System was inserted transcervically and individual fibroids were ablated with radiofrequency energy. An integrated intrauterine ultrasound probe was used for fibroid imaging and targeting. Anesthesia was at the discretion of each investigator. The primary study endpoint was the percentage change in perfused fibroid volume, as assessed by contrast-enhanced MRI at 3 months. Secondary endpoints, reached at 6 months, included safety, percentage reductions in the Menstrual Pictogram (MP) score and the Symptom Severity Score (SSS) subscale of the Uterine Fibroid Symptom-Quality of Life questionnaire (UFS-QOL), along with the rate of surgical reintervention for abnormal uterine bleeding and the mean number of days to return to normal activity. Additional assessments included the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) subscale of the UFS-QOL, medical reintervention for abnormal uterine bleeding, and procedure times. Fifty patients were treated, representing 92 fibroids. Perfused fibroid volumes were reduced at 3 months by an average of 68.8 ± 27.8 % ( P < 0.0001; Wilcoxon signed-rank test). At 6 months, mean MP and SSS scores decreased by 60.8 ± 38.2 and 59.7 ± 30.4 %, respectively; the mean HRQOL score increased by 263 ± 468 %. There were two serious adverse events (overnight admissions for abdominal pain and bradycardia, respectively) and no surgical reinterventions. These 6-month results suggest that the VizAblate System is safe and effective in providing relief of abnormal uterine bleeding associated with fibroids, with appropriate safety and a low reintervention rate.

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          Most cited references 36

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          FIGO classification system (PALM-COEIN) for causes of abnormal uterine bleeding in nongravid women of reproductive age.

          There is general inconsistency in the nomenclature used to describe abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB), in addition to a plethora of potential causes-several of which may coexist in a given individual. It seems clear that the development of consistent and universally accepted nomenclature is a step toward rectifying this unsatisfactory circumstance. Another requirement is the development of a classification system, on several levels, for the causes of AUB, which can be used by clinicians, investigators, and even patients to facilitate communication, clinical care, and research. This manuscript describes an ongoing process designed to achieve these goals, and presents for consideration the PALM-COEIN (polyp; adenomyosis; leiomyoma; malignancy and hyperplasia; coagulopathy; ovulatory dysfunction; endometrial; iatrogenic; and not yet classified) classification system for AUB, which has been approved by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Executive Board as a FIGO classification system. Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
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            The UFS-QOL, a new disease-specific symptom and health-related quality of life questionnaire for leiomyomata.

            To create and validate a questionnaire for assessing symptom severity and symptom impact on health-related quality of life for women with leiomyomata. The questionnaire was derived from focus groups of women with leiomyomata. Content validity was established through cognitive debriefings of women with leiomyomata and review by expert clinicians. Patients for the validation study were recruited from five gynecologists' offices, an interventional radiology department, and a University campus. Instruments used for validation were the Short Form-36, Menorrhagia Questionnaire, the Revicki-Wu Sexual Function Scale, and a physician and a patient assessment of severity. Item and exploratory factor analysis were performed to assess the subscale structure of the questionnaire. Psychometric evaluation was conducted to assess reliability and validity. Test-retest was performed on a random subset of the sample within 2 weeks of the initial visit. A total of 110 patients with confirmed leiomyomata and 29 normal subjects participated in the validation. The final questionnaire consists of eight symptom questions and 29 health-related quality of life questions with six subscales. Subscale Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.83 to 0.95, with the overall health-related quality of life score alpha = 0.97. The Uterine Fibroid Symptom and Quality of Life (UFS-QOL) questionnaire subscales discriminated not only from normal controls but also among leiomyomata patients with varying degrees of symptom severity. Test-retest reliability was good with intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.76-0.93. The UFS-QOL appears to be a useful new tool for detecting differences in symptom severity and health-related quality of life among patients with uterine leiomyomata. Additional study is underway to determine the responsiveness of the UFS-QOL to therapies for leiomyomata.
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              MRI guidance of focused ultrasound therapy of uterine fibroids: early results.

              The purpose of this study was to explore our hypothesis that MRI-guided focused ultrasound therapy for the treatment of uterine fibroids will lead to a significant reduction in symptoms and improvement in quality of life. We describe focused ultrasound therapy applications and the method for monitoring the thermal energy deposited in the fibroids, including the MRI parameters required, in a prospective review of 108 treatments. Patients presenting with symptomatic uterine fibroids who attained a minimal symptom severity score and who would otherwise have been offered a hysterectomy were recruited. Thermal lesions were created within target fibroids using an MRI-guided focused ultrasound therapy system. The developing lesion was monitored using real-time MR thermometry, which was used to assess treatment outcome in real time to change treatment parameters and achieve the desired outcome. Fibroid volume, fibroid symptoms, and quality-of-life scores were measured before treatment and 6 months after treatment. Adverse events were actively monitored and recorded. In this study, 79.3% of women who had been treated reported a significant improvement in their uterine fibroid symptoms on follow-up health-related quality-of-life questionnaires, which supports our hypothesis. The mean reduction in fibroid volume at 6 months was 13.5%, but nonenhancing volume (mean, 51 cm(3)) remained within the treated fibroid at 6 months. This early description of MRI-guided focused ultrasound therapy treatment of fibroids includes follow-up data and shows that, although the volume reduction is moderate, it correlates with treatment volume and the symptomatic response to this treatment is encouraging.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                215.882.3420 , dtoub@gynesonics.com
                Journal
                Gynecol Surg
                Gynecol Surg
                Gynecological Surgery
                Springer Berlin Heidelberg (Berlin/Heidelberg )
                1613-2076
                1613-2084
                28 November 2014
                28 November 2014
                2015
                : 12
                : 1
                : 61-70
                Affiliations
                [ ]Máxima Medisch Centrum, Veldhoven, The Netherlands
                [ ]Vrije Universiteit Medisch Centrum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
                [ ]Birmingham Women’s Hospital, Birmingham, UK
                [ ]Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon Mexico
                [ ]Gynesonics, Inc., Redwood City, CA USA
                [ ]Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA USA
                Article
                873
                10.1007/s10397-014-0873-1
                4349947
                © The Author(s) 2014

                Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.

                Categories
                Original Article
                Custom metadata
                © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

                Obstetrics & Gynecology

                fibroids, radiofrequency ablation, vizablate, intrauterine sonography

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