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      Monocyte-Mediated Suppression of Mitogen Responses of Lymphocytes in Uremic Patients

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          Abstract

          In the present experiment, we investigated the mechanism of the suppressed mitogen responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from uremic patients. We used phytohemagglutinin (PHA) and concanavalin A (Con A) as T cell mitogens, pokeweed mitogen (PWM) as a T cell-dependent B cell mitogen, and Staphylococcus aureus Cowan I (STA) as a T cell-independent B cell mitogen. PBMC from uremic patients showed significantly suppressed responses to PHA (p < 0.05), Con A (p < 0.05) and STA (p < 0.01) compared with those from healthy controls, but there was no significant difference in PWM response. However, these suppressed responses to PHA and Con A were markedly restored by depletion of phagocytic cells from PBMC. Although STA responses were also restored markedly in uremic patients, some patients still showed lower responsiveness to STA indicating the possibility of functional B cell defects. To further clarify the mechanism of the suppressed responses to mitogens, PBMC or nonphagocytic cells from uremic patients were cocultured with control T cells in the presence of PHA, or the effects of adherent cells from uremic patients on PHA responses of autologous or allogeneic control T cells were studied. From these experiments, it was suggested that the suppressed responses of PBMC to mitogens in uremia were mediated by monocytes.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1983
          1983
          03 December 2008
          : 34
          : 2
          : 87-92
          Affiliations
          Second Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan
          Article
          182988 Nephron 1983;34:87–92
          10.1159/000182988
          6602948
          © 1983 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Uremic patients, B cell, Mitogen response, Monocyte, T cell

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