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      Las Relaciones de Pareja en los Adolescentes de Cuenca: Su relación con el machismo/marianismo

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          Abstract

          Las relaciones de pareja son relaciones socialmente construidas, lo que significa que son moldeadas por diversos factores sociales y culturales. Si bien estas relaciones han sido estudiadas con anterioridad en adultos, en las últimas décadas se ha resaltado la necesidad de estudiarlas durante la etapa de la adolescencia, en donde se ha evidenciado que presentan características específicas importantes. Sin embargo, la mayoría de estudios al respecto han sido desarrollados en Europa y Norte América existiendo un vacío con respecto al desarrollo de las relaciones de pareja en culturas latinoamericanas. Por tal razón, el objetivo de la investigación fue conocer y analizar las experiencias, en torno a una relación de pareja, que vivencian los jóvenes de Cuenca, con la finalidad de comprender la manera en que los elementos culturales pueden estar moldeando dichas relaciones. Para ello se realizaron entrevistas a profundidad a 20 adolescentes, hombres y mujeres entre 15 - 17 años, de la ciudad de Cuenca. Los datos fueron procesados mediante análisis temático. Los resultados permitieron conocer que, a pesar de que las relaciones representan una gran fuente de apoyo para los jóvenes, en el desarrollo de las mismas se ejecutan dinámicas de control y celos, mismas que más bien son entendidas como una forma de cuidado y protección hacia la pareja. Finalmente, se evidencia que las conductas controladoras son muy comunes en las relaciones, por lo que terminan siendo naturalizadas, esto debido a las ideas que los adolescentes manejan sobre el amor romántico.

          Translated abstract

          The romantic relationships are socially constructed relationships, meaning that they are shaped by various social and cultural factors. While these relationships have been studied previously in adults, in recent decades it has highlighted the need to study them during adolescence, where it has become clear that present important specific features. However, most studies on the subject have been developed in Europe and North America but there’s a void with respect to the development of relationships in Latin American cultures. For this reason, the aim of the research was to know and analyze the experiences around to relationships that experience the young people of Cuenca, in order to understand how cultural elements may be shaping these relations. To do this, in-depth interviews were conducted to 20 adolescents between 15 to 17 years, from the city of Cuenca. The data were analyzed using thematic analysis. The results allowed knowing the fact that the relationships represent a great source of support for the young people, but in their development they execute dynamics of control and jealousy that are rather perceived as a kind of protection and care. Further, in the experiences of adolescents controlling behaviors are very frequent and naturalized in association of their ideas about romantic love.

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          Most cited references19

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          Using thematic analysis in psychology

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            More than Myth: The Developmental Significance of Romantic Relationships During Adolescence

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              Age and sex differences in perceptions of networks of personal relationships.

              In this study, 549 youths in the fourth grade, seventh grade, tenth grade, and college completed Network of Relationship Inventories assessing their perceptions of their relationships with significant others. The findings were largely consistent with 7 propositions derived from major theories of the developmental courses of personal relationships. In particular, mothers and fathers were seen as the most frequent providers of support in the fourth grade. Same-sex friends were perceived to be as supportive as parents in the seventh grade, and were the most frequent providers of support in the tenth grade. Romantic partners moved up in rank with age until college, where they, along with friends and mothers, received the highest ratings for support. Age differences were also observed in perceptions of relationships with grandparents, teachers, and siblings. Finally, age differences in perceived conflict, punishment, and relative power suggested that there was a peak in tension in parent-child relationships in early and middle adolescence. Discussion centers around the role various relationships are perceived as playing at different points in development.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                IJPR
                Interpersona
                Interpersona
                An International Journal on Personal Relationships
                Interpersona
                PsychOpen
                1981-6472
                2017
                23 February 2018
                : 11
                : 2
                : 126-140
                Affiliations
                [a ]Proyecto: Promoción de la Salud Sexual para Adolescentes, “HUMSEX”, Programa VLIR, Universidad de Cuenca , Cuenca, Ecuador
                [b ]Facultad de Filosofía, Universidad de Cuenca , Cuenca, Ecuador
                Author notes
                [* ]Universidad de Cuenca, Av. 12 de Abril & Agustín Cueva, Cuenca, Ecuador. Tel: 593 74051000 Ext: 2511. acristina.cevallosn@ 123456ucuenca.edu.ec
                Article
                ijpr.v11i2.240
                10.5964/ijpr.v11i2.240
                e3fd2585-9b9c-4b66-83f7-5814bbf6f428
                Copyright @ 2018

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 3.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 29 June 2016
                : 02 November 2017
                Categories
                Articles

                Psychology
                jealousy and control,relaciones de pareja,celos y control,amor romántico,adolescence,relationship,romantic love,adolescencia

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