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      Constriction of the Smooth Muscle of Rat Tail and Femoral Arteries and Dog Saphenous Vein Is Induced by Uridine Triphosphate via ‘Pyrimidinoceptors’, and by Adenosine Triphosphate via P2x Purinoceptors

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          Abstract

          Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and uridine triphosphate (UTP) receptors were studied by comparing the contractile responses to UTP with those to ATP in the rat tail and femoral arteries and dog saphenous vein, after endothelium removal confirmed by histology, and near abolition of relaxation to acetylcholine. Contractions induced by ATP and UTP were dose dependent, as assessed from preparations at resting tension. Contraction curves were very different: rapid subsidence with ATP and sustained contraction with UTP. In the rat tail artery and the dog saphenous vein, quinidine, nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) and phentolamine inhibited the contractions induced by ATP, whereas those induced by UTP were only slightly reduced in the presence of NDGA and were not antagonized by quinidine and phentolamine. In all three vessels, α-β methylene ATP induced desensitization to ATP, whereas it did not antagonize the UTP-induced contractions. Reactive blue 2 was incapable of antagonizing contractions to ATP and UTP in these preparations. In addition, UTP-induced contractions were hardly inhibited in a calcium-free Krebs solution, whereas ATP was totally inhibited. We showed that a calcium antagonist, nicardipine, was more potent on the UTP-induced than on the ATP-induced contractions. These results showed the UTP-induced contraction to be mediated by a new class of receptors, qualified here as ‘pyrimidinoceptors’, for which no antagonist is known. These results were obtained in the tail and femoral arteries of the rat and from the dog saphenous vein. ATP induced contraction in these three vessels via P2x purinoceptors. P2x purinoceptors and ‘pyrimidinoceptors’ are localized on the vascular smooth muscle.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1990
          1990
          23 September 2008
          : 27
          : 6
          : 352-364
          Affiliations
          aLaboratoire de Physiologie, UFR de Pharmacie, Rennes; bLaboratoire de Pharmacologie, UFR de Médecine, Rennes, France
          Article
          158829 Blood Vessels 1990;27:352–364
          10.1159/000158829
          © 1990 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 13
          Categories
          Research Paper

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