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      Twenty-one new species of the Simulium ( Gomphostilbia) asakoae species group (Diptera, Simuliidae) in Thailand, with their genetic relationships

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          Abstract

          Females and males reared from pupae, their pupal exuviae and cocoons, and mature larvae of the Simulium ( Gomphostilbia) asakoae species group from various localities in Thailand were morphologically examined. A total of 25 species was identified, including two of four known species ( Simulium asakoae Takaoka & Davies and S. chiangdaoense Takaoka & Srisuka), one newly confirmed species ( S. myanmarense Takaoka, Srisuka & Saeung, originally described from Myanmar), one newly transferred species ( S. inthanonense Takaoka & Suzuki formerly of the S. ceylonicum species group), and 21 new species. Descriptions of all 21 new species are given, and the first full description of the male of S. inthanonense , together with the revised descriptions of its female, pupa, and larva, is also provided. Keys to identify all 27 members of this species group from Thailand are given for females, males, pupae, and larvae. The genetic relationships of all but one species were resolved using COI gene sequence-based analysis. All 26 species were divided into nine subgroups, I–IX, each consisting of two, one, four, nine, one, three, two, one and three species, respectively.

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          Most cited references 25

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          A multi-locus approach resolves the phylogenetic relationships of the Simulium asakoae and Simulium ceylonicum species groups in Malaysia: evidence for distinct evolutionary lineages.

          A multi-locus approach was used to examine the DNA sequences of 10 nominal species of blackfly in the Simulium subgenus Gomphostilbia (Diptera: Simuliidae) in Malaysia. Molecular data were acquired from partial DNA sequences of the mitochondria-encoded cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), 12S rRNA and 16S rRNA genes, and the nuclear-encoded 18S rRNA and 28S rRNA genes. No single gene, nor the concatenated gene set, resolved all species or all relationships. However, all morphologically established species were supported by at least one gene. The multi-locus sequence analysis revealed two distinct evolutionary lineages, conforming to the morphotaxonomically recognized Simulium asakoae and Simulium ceylonicum species groups.
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            Natural infections with filarial larvae in two species of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in northern Thailand.

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              • Record: found
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              The blackflies (Diptera : Simuliidae) from Thailand

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048D35-BB1D-5CE8-9668-537E44BD4C7E
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2020
                20 July 2020
                : 950
                : 51-152
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Tropical Infectious Diseases Research and Education Centre (TIDREC), University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur Malaysia
                [2 ] Entomology Section, Queen Sirikit Botanic Garden, P.O. Box 7, Maerim, Chiang Mai 50180, Thailand Queen Sirikit Botanic Garden Chiang Mai Thailand
                [3 ] Institute for Research Promotion, Oita University, Idaigaoka 1-1, Hasama, Yufu City, Oita, 879-5593, Japan Oita University Oita Japan
                [4 ] Center of Insect Vector Study, Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand Chiang Mai University Chiang Mai Thailand
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Atiporn Saeung ( atisaeung.noi@ 123456gmail.com )

                Academic editor: Art Borkent

                Article
                51298
                10.3897/zookeys.950.51298
                7387366
                Hiroyuki Takaoka, Wichai Srisuka, Masako Fukuda, Atiporn Saeung

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Categories
                Research Article
                Diptera
                Simuliidae
                Systematics
                Paleozoic
                Asia

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