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      Characterization of the human cumulus cell transcriptome during final follicular maturation and ovulation.

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          Abstract

          Cumulus expansion and oocyte maturation are central processes in ovulation. Knowledge gained from rodent and other mammalian models has revealed some of the molecular pathways associated with these processes. However, the equivalent pathways in humans have not been thoroughly studied and remain unidentified. Compact cumulus cells (CCs) from germinal vesicle cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) were obtained from patients undergoing in vitro maturation (IVM) procedures. Expanded CCs from metaphase 2 COC were obtained from patients undergoing IVF/ICSI. Global transcriptome profiles of the samples were obtained using state-of-the-art RNA sequencing techniques. We identified 1746 differentially expressed (DE) genes between compact and expanded CCs. Most of these genes were involved in cellular growth and proliferation, cellular movement, cell cycle, cell-to-cell signaling and interaction, extracellular matrix and steroidogenesis. Out of the DE genes, we found 89 long noncoding RNAs, of which 12 are encoded within introns of genes known to be involved in granulosa cell processes. This suggests that unique noncoding RNA transcripts may contribute to the regulation of cumulus expansion and oocyte maturation. Using global transcriptome sequencing, we were able to generate a library of genes regulated during cumulus expansion and oocyte maturation processes. Analysis of these genes allowed us to identify important new genes and noncoding RNAs potentially involved in COC maturation and cumulus expansion. These results may increase our understanding of the process of oocyte maturation and could ultimately improve the efficacy of IVM treatment.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Mol. Hum. Reprod.
          Molecular human reproduction
          Oxford University Press (OUP)
          1460-2407
          1360-9947
          Aug 2014
          : 20
          : 8
          Affiliations
          [1 ] IVF Unit and Reproduction Lab, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel gil.yerushalmi@gmail.com.
          [2 ] Department of Molecular Biology, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel.
          [3 ] IVF Unit and Reproduction Lab, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
          [4 ] Institute for Computational Biomedicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA.
          [5 ] Biogenesi, Reproductive Medicine Centre, Istituti Clinici Zucchi, Via Zucchi 24, 20052 Monza, Italy.
          Article
          gau031
          10.1093/molehr/gau031
          24770949
          e450544c-dd68-4a28-a3fc-cd0112aaaf59
          History

          RNAseq,cumulus cells,follicle development,human,transcriptome

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