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      Rare metastases of differentiated thyroid carcinoma: pictorial review.

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          Abstract

          Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is usually indolent with good prognosis and long-term survival. However, DTC distant metastasis is often a grave event and accounts for most of its disease-specific mortality. The major sites of distant metastases are the lung and bone. Metastases to the brain, breast, liver, kidney, muscle, and skin are rare or relatively rare. Nevertheless, recognizing rare metastases from DTC has a significant impact on the clinical decision making and prognosis of patients. (131)I single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography ((131)I-SPECT/CT) can provide both metabolic and anatomic information about a lesion; therefore, it can better localize and define the (131)I-WBS findings in DTC patients. In this pictorial review, the imaging features of a range of rare metastases from DTC are demonstrated, with a particular emphasis on the (131)I-SPECT/CT diagnostic aspect.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Endocr. Relat. Cancer
          Endocrine-related cancer
          1479-6821
          1351-0088
          Oct 2011
          : 18
          : 5
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Nuclear Medicine, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China.
          Article
          ERC-11-0068
          10.1530/ERC-11-0068
          21632805

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