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      Expression of Adhesion Molecules in Kidney with Experimental Chronic Obstructive Uropathy: The Pathogenic Role of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1

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          Background: Chronic obstructive uropathy induced by maintained unilateral ureter ligation in the rat is characterized morphologically by interstitial inflammation, interstitial fibrosis, and tubular atrophy. Infiltrating mononuclear inflammatory cells, particularly T lymphocytes and macrophages, may contribute to the progression of this lesion by mediating tubular injury and by the activation of interstitial fibroblasts, with resultant tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis, respectively. Altered expression and activation of adhesion molecules by leukocytes, vascular endothelial cells, and parenchymal cells likely contributes both to the infiltration of inflammatory cells into the tubulointerstitial compartment and to the interaction of activated inflammatory cells with parenchymal cells. Methods: In the current study, we examined changes in the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in a 90-day model of maintained unilateral ureter ligation in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Results: Rat kidneys showed constitutive expression of ICAM-1 mRNA and constitutive immunostaining for ICAM-1 in peritubular capillaries, glomeruli, and a small percentage of cortical tubules. Ureter ligation resulted in a rapid increase in ICAM-1 mRNA, which was almost 2-fold greater than those of the contralateral and control kidneys as early as 3 h and which was maintained at a 4- to 6-fold higher level in the ligated vs. contralateral kidneys throughout the entire 90-day time course. There was a marked increase in ICAM-1 immunostaining within the tubular epithelium, with up to 80% of both cortical and medullary tubular cross-sections showing strong apical immunostaining from day 6 to 25, with a subsequent decrease throughout the remainder of the experiment. ICAM-1 immunostaining in the expanding interstitium in the ligated kidneys showed a gradual increase throughout the duration of the experiment. In contrast, glomerular immunostaining for ICAM-1 was decreased in the ligated compared to the contralateral kidneys throughout the entire experiment. There was a later but prominent increase in VCAM-1 mRNA in ligated kidneys, which was first evident at 2 days and which was maintained 2- to 10-fold greater than the contralateral kidneys throughout the entire time course. VCAM-1 immunostaining increased in the expanding interstitium, but decreased in glomeruli in obstructed vs. contralateral kidneys. Tubular staining for VCAM-1 did not change after ureter ligation. Conclusion: Increased ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 may contribute to the prominent inflammatory cell infiltration in the chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis accompanying maintained unilateral ligation. Tubule expression of ICAM-1, which occurs during a similar time course as previously documented for tubular cell proliferation and especially tubular cell apoptosis in this model, may contribute to injurious interactions of activated inflammatory cells with tubular epithelium.

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          Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction.

          A new method of total RNA isolation by a single extraction with an acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform mixture is described. The method provides a pure preparation of undegraded RNA in high yield and can be completed within 4 h. It is particularly useful for processing large numbers of samples and for isolation of RNA from minute quantities of cells or tissue samples.

            Author and article information

            S. Karger AG
            June 2000
            31 May 2000
            : 85
            : 2
            : 156-166
            aRenal Pathology Laboratory, Department of Pathology, and bSection of Leukocyte Biology, Department of Pediatrics, Texas Children’s Hospital; cDepartment of Urology; dDepartment of Microbiology and Immunology, and eSection of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Methodist Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex., USA
            45649 Nephron 2000;85:156–166
            © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

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            Page count
            Figures: 7, References: 38, Pages: 11
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45649
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