Alexandre de Saint Germain 1 , 2 , 3 , Guillaume Clavé 4 , Marie-Ange Badet-Denisot 4 , Jean-Paul Pillot 1 , David Cornu 5 , Jean-Pierre Le Caer 4 , Marco Burger 2 , 3 , Frank Pelissier 4 , Pascal Retailleau 4 , Colin Turnbull 6 , Sandrine Bonhomme 1 , Joanne Chory 2 , 3 , * , Catherine Rameau 1 , * , François-Didier Boyer 1 , 4 , *
01 August 2016
Strigolactone plant hormones control plant architecture and are key players in both symbiotic and parasitic interactions. They contain an ABC tricyclic lactone connected to a butenolide group, the D-ring. The DWARF14 (D14) strigolactone receptor belongs to the superfamily of α/β-hydrolases and is known to hydrolyze the bond between the ABC lactone and the D-ring. Here we characterize the binding and catalytic functions of RAMOSUS3 (RMS3), the pea ( Pisum sativum) ortholog of rice ( Oryza sativa) D14 strigolactone receptor. Using novel profluorescent probes with strigolactone-like bioactivity, we show that RMS3 acts as a single-turnover enzyme that explains its apparent low enzymatic rate. We further demonstrate the formation of a covalent RMS3/D-ring complex, essential for bioactivity, in which the D-ring is attached to Histidine 247 of the catalytic triad. These results reveal an undescribed mechanism of plant hormone reception where the receptor performs an irreversible enzymatic reaction to generate its own ligand.