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      Bullying in school children: How much do teachers know?

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          Abstract

          Context:

          Bullying is an emerging serious problem in schools worldwide resulting in physical and mental health problems in victimized children. Teachers play a critical role in identifying the acts of bullying, assisting the children who are victimized, linking up with healthcare providers for managing physical and emotional consequences of bullying, as well as managing bullying at school.

          Aims:

          To determine teachers’ knowledge regarding bullying among secondary school children.

          Settings and Design:

          A cross-sectional study conducted in five public and five private schools of Jamshed Town, Karachi, Pakistan.

          Methods and Materials:

          The study continued from October 2012 to February 2013. Stratified random sampling was used to select teachers. Data were collected through a pre-piloted structured questionnaire.

          Statistical Analysis Used:

          Data were analyzed using the SPSS v19.0. Descriptive analysis was done by calculating frequencies and percentages of the categorical variables such as teacher's age, educational level, and presence of adequate knowledge regarding bullying. The outcome variable of interest was knowledge about bullying.

          Results:

          Almost half of the153 teachers ( n = 82, 53.6%) lacked adequate knowledge about bullying in school children. A statistically significant association was present between knowledge of bullying with gender ( P-value = 0.02), educational level of the teachers ( P-value = 0.05), years of teaching experience ( P-value = 0.04), and educational training of teachers ( P-value = 0.01).

          Conclusions:

          More than half of the teachers were deficient in their knowledge about bullying in school children

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          Most cited references21

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          Association between bullying and psychosomatic problems: a meta-analysis.

          In the last few years, there has been an increasing amount of research showing the concurrent and long-term consequences of bullying and being bullied by peers. OBJECTIVE. We performed a meta-analysis to quantify the association between involvement in bullying and psychosomatic complaints in the school-aged population. We searched online databases (Embase, Medline, PsychInfo, Scopus) up to March 2008, bibliographies of existing studies, and qualitative reviews for studies that examined the association between involvement in bullying and psychosomatic complaints in children and adolescents. The original search identified 19 studies, of which 11 satisfied prestated inclusion criteria. Three random-effects meta-analyses were performed for the following 3 groups of children aged between 7 and 16 years: victims, bullies, and bully-victims. Bully-victims, victims, and bullies had a significantly higher risk for psychosomatic problems compared with uninvolved peers. The association between involvement in bullying and psychosomatic problems was demonstrated. Given that school bullying is a widespread phenomenon in many countries around the world, the present results suggest that bullying be considered a significant international public health issue.
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            Teachers' Understanding of Bullying

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              Bullying of Medical Students in Pakistan: A Cross-Sectional Questionnaire Survey

              Background Several studies from other countries have shown that bullying, harassment, abuse or belittlement are a regular phenomenon faced not only by medical students, but also junior doctors, doctors undertaking research and other healthcare professionals. While research has been carried out on bullying experienced by psychiatrists and psychiatry trainees in Pakistan no such research has been conducted on medical students in this country. Methodology/Principal Findings We conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire survey on final year medical students in six medical colleges of Pakistan. The response rate was 63%. Fifty-two percent of respondents reported that they had faced bullying or harassment during their medical education, about 28% of them experiencing it once a month or even more frequently. The overwhelming form of bullying had been verbal abuse (57%), while consultants were the most frequent (46%) perpetrators. Students who were slightly older, males, those who reported that their medical college did not have a policy on bullying or harassment, and those who felt that adequate support was not in place at their medical college for bullied individuals, were significantly more likely to have experienced bullying. Conclusion Bullying or harassment is faced by quite a large proportion of medical students in Pakistan. The most frequent perpetrators of this bullying are consultants. Adoption of a policy against bullying and harassment by medical colleges, and providing avenues of support for students who have been bullied may help reduce this phenomenon, as the presence of these two was associated with decreased likelihood of students reporting having being bullied.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                J Family Med Prim Care
                J Family Med Prim Care
                JFMPC
                Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
                Wolters Kluwer - Medknow (India )
                2249-4863
                2278-7135
                July 2019
                : 8
                : 7
                : 2395-2400
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Department of Family Medicine, The Indus Hospital, Karachi City, Sindh, Pakistan
                [2 ] Department of Family Medicine, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi City, Sindh, Pakistan
                Author notes
                Address for correspondence: Dr. Hiba Ashraf, S-45, Iqbal Lane 14, Khayaban e Shujaat, Phase VIII, Zone B, DHA, Karachi, Pakistan. E-mail: hiba.ashraf@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                JFMPC-8-2395
                10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_370_19
                6691415
                e58f64a8-d320-4378-ad59-97eeffdc6fdc
                Copyright: © 2019 Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care

                This is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.

                History
                : 06 May 2019
                : 06 May 2019
                : 22 May 2019
                Categories
                Original Article

                bullying,knowledge,secondary schools,teachers
                bullying, knowledge, secondary schools, teachers

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