Ibuprofenamine hydrochloride spray is novel transdermal nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), under clinical development for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis as a novel transdermal drug.
A single and multiple ascending dose study investigated the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of ibuprofenamine hydrochloride in healthy Chinese subjects. A total of 34 subjects (single-dose study: 34 subjects and multiple-dose study: 20 subjects) were involved in the trial. In the single-dose study, subjects were assigned to one of the four groups received 35, 70, 140, 280 mg. In the 70 mg and 140 mg treatment groups, subjects received one dose on the first day and twice a day from day 6 to 12. The starting dose was determined considering the no observed adverse effect level based on preclinical studies, and the dose escalations in subsequent cohorts were decided based on safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic data from previous dose cohorts.
After a single dose, both ibuprofenamine and ibuprofen plasma exposure showed a more than dose-proportional increase across a dose range of 35–280 mg. After multiple dosing, both ibuprofenamine and ibuprofen steady-state exposure increased obviously more than dose-proportional manner across the evaluated dose range (twice a day for 7 days) resulted in obvious accumulation. Single or multiple doses of ibuprofenamine hydrochloride were generally well tolerated and no obvious skin irritation was observed.