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      Interleukin-6 Localization and the Prognosis of IgA Nephropathy

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          Abstract

          Various cytokines and growth factors may be involved in IgA nephropathy. To clarify whether interleukin-6 was a prognostic factor for this disease, we investigated interleukin-6 positivity of renal biopsy specimens and its relationship with the prognosis. The subjects were 90 patients with IgA nephropathy (42 males and 48 females with a median age of 32.7 ± 13.8 years). Renal biopsy specimens were stained for interleukin-6 using an enzyme-antibody method. Fifty-two of 90 patients showed glomerular positivity for interleukin-6. Among the patients positive for interleukin-6, 24-hour urinary protein excretion and serum creatinine levels were significantly higher at the time of biopsy than in the patients without interleukin-6 positivity, while creatinine clearance was significantly lower. In the interleukin-6-positive patients without steroid therapy, serum creatinine increased significantly after 1 year (Δs-Cr; 1.04 ± 0.45 mg/dl) and creatinine clearance decreased significantly (ΔCcr; –11.7 ± 3.2 ml/min) compared to the interleukin-6-negative patients without steroid therapy. Steroid therapy improved 24-hour urinary protein excretion, serum creatinine, and creatinine clearance in the interleukin-6-positive patients, while these parameters worsened without steroid therapy. On the other hand, the IL-6-negative patients showed no differences of clinical parameters irrespective of the presence or absence of steroid therapy. In conclusion, glomerular interleukin-6 positivity may be a prognostic factor and an indicator of the need for steroid therapy in IgA nephropathy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1999
          1999
          13 January 1999
          : 81
          : 1
          : 94-98
          Affiliations
          Second Department of Internal Medicine, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Hiroshima, Japan
          Article
          45254 Nephron 1999;81:94–98
          10.1159/000045254
          9884428
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 1, Tables: 3, References: 16, Pages: 5
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45254
          Categories
          Short Communication

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Interleukin-6, IgA nephropathy, Steroid therapy, Prognostic factor

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