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      Alleviation effects of Rubus coreanus Miquel root extract on skin symptoms and inflammation in chronic atopic dermatitis

      1 , 1
      Food & Function
      Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)

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          Abstract

          Rubus coreanus Miquel root ameliorates AD by suppression of IgE hyperproduction, inflammatory response and allergic factor with recovering skin barrier function.

          Abstract

          Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory skin disease characterized by chronic inflammatory dermatitis with immunological manifestations. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of polyphenol-containing Rubus coreanus Miquel root extract on skin allergy and AD. The protective effects of R. coreanus root ethanol extract against AD were investigated using the human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT, human mast cell line HMC-1, and the 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced AD-like skin NC/Nga mouse model. Treatment with R. coreanus root ethanol extracts reduced β-hexosaminidase and histamine release from HMC-1 cells stimulated with compound 48/80 compared to treatment with R. coreanus fruit ethanol extract. Furthermore, topical application of R. coreanus root ethanol extract dramatically reduced the severity of skin symptoms and the thickening and swelling of the dorsal skin and ear in DNCB-treated NC/Nga mice. The protein and mRNA expression of several cytokines (IL-4, IL-5, IL-12, IFN-γ, TNF-α, and TARC) and IgE was significantly lowered upon application of the R. coreanus root ethanol extract. The promising candidate for the active ingredient of R. coreanus root polyphenols was revealed to be ellagic acid. These findings clearly indicate that the R. coreanus root polyphenols show strong anti-allergic effects and suppress the symptoms of AD. Therefore, polyphenol-containing R. coreanus root ethanol extract could be a novel therapeutic candidate for the treatment of allergy and AD.

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          Most cited references43

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          Atopic dermatitis and the atopic march.

          J. Spergel (2003)
          Atopic dermatitis (AD), one of the most common skin disorders seen in infants and children, usually has its onset during the first 6 months of life. The prevalence of AD is similar in the United States, Europe, and Japan and is increasing, similar to that of other atopic disorders, particularly asthma. AD has been classified into 3 sequential phases: infantile, childhood, and adult, each with characteristic physical findings. AD has a tremendously negative effect on the quality of life of patients as well as family, most commonly disturbing sleep. The condition also creates a great financial burden for both the family and society. The cutaneous manifestations of atopy often represent the beginning of the atopic march. On the basis of several longitudinal studies, approximately half of AD patients will develop asthma, particularly with severe AD, and two thirds will develop allergic rhinitis. Epicutaneous sensitization has been thought to be responsible, with subsequent migration of sensitized T cells into the nose and airways, causing upper and lower airway disease. Animal models and human observation concur with this theory. Preliminary prevention studies with oral antihistamines provide evidence that early intervention might slow the atopic march.
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            New insights into atopic dermatitis.

            Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease associated with cutaneous hyperreactivity to environmental triggers and is often the first step in the atopic march that results in asthma and allergic rhinitis. The clinical phenotype that characterizes atopic dermatitis is the product of interactions between susceptibility genes, the environment, defective skin barrier function, and immunologic responses. This review summarizes recent progress in our understanding of the pathophysiology of atopic dermatitis and the implications for new management strategies.
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              Th2 Cytokines and Atopic Dermatitis.

              Atopic dermatitis (AD), a chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disease, is increasing in prevalence around the world. Intensive research is ongoing to understand the mechanisms involved in the development of AD and offer new treatment options for patients suffering from AD. In this review, we highlight the importance of allergic Th2 responses in the development of the disease and summarize relevant literature, including genetic studies, studies of human skin and mechanistic studies on keratinocytes and mouse models of AD. We discuss the importance of the skin barrier and review recent findings on the pro-Th2 cytokines TSLP, IL-25, and IL-33, notably their ability to polarize dendritic cells and promote Th2 responses. After a brief update on the contribution of different T-cell subsets to AD, we focus on Th2 cells and the respective contributions of each of the Th2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-13, IL-5, IL-31, and IL-10) to AD. We conclude with a brief discussion of the current gaps in our knowledge and technical limitations.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                FFOUAI
                Food & Function
                Food Funct.
                Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
                2042-6496
                2042-650X
                March 07 2022
                2022
                : 13
                : 5
                : 2823-2831
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Microbiology, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
                Article
                10.1039/D1FO03580K
                35179167
                e6309e40-bc95-4db2-bdeb-1f35883161f0
                © 2022

                http://rsc.li/journals-terms-of-use

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