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      EDRF in Intact Vascular Networks

      a , b

      Journal of Vascular Research

      S. Karger AG

      Optimality, Rabbit ear, X-ray microangiography, Autoregulation

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          Abstract

          X-ray microangiography was used to investigate the role of basal EDRF activity in the isolated rabbit ear, changes in perfusion pressure at different flow rates being correlated with simultaneous changes in diameter in resistance arteries 70–1,000 µm in size. Under conditions of controlled-pressure but not controlled-fiow perfusion the preparations were shown to autoregulate flow, but only when EDRF activity was inhibited by haemoglobin or L-NMMA. The diameter data indicated that this phenomenon was mediated by a flow- and/or pressure-dependent constrictor response that is normally suppressed by EDRF activity. We also investigated the influence of basal EDRF activity on the geometrical ‘optimality’ of resistance artery branching, using four models which minimise respectively the total surface area, volume, shear stress (drag) or power losses at bifurcations. EDRF activity was found to maintain optimality in terms of minimum volume and power losses over a wide range of flow rates in pharmacologically constricted preparations. This may allow rapid changes in flow to occur with only small changes in central arterial pressure and also help to minimise cardiac work.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5330-8
          978-3-318-01614-7
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1990
          1990
          23 September 2008
          : 27
          : 2-5
          : 230-237
          Affiliations
          Departments of aDiagnostic Radiology and bCardiology, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK
          Article
          158814 Blood Vessels 1990;27:230–237
          10.1159/000158814
          © 1990 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Mechanisms of Vasodilatation

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