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      Advancing a sociotechnical systems approach to workplace safety – developing the conceptual framework

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          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Traditional efforts to deal with the enormous problem of workplace safety have proved insufficient, as they have tended to neglect the broader sociotechnical environment that surrounds workers. Here, we advocate a sociotechnical systems approach that describes the complex multi-level system factors that contribute to workplace safety. From the literature on sociotechnical systems, complex systems and safety, we develop a sociotechnical model of workplace safety with concentric layers of the work system, socio-organisational context and the external environment. The future challenges that are identified through the model are highlighted.

          Practitioner Summary: Understanding the environmental, organisational and work system factors that contribute to workplace safety will help to develop more effective and integrated solutions to deal with persistent workplace safety problems. Solutions to improve workplace safety need to recognise the broad sociotechnical system and the respective interactions between the system elements and levels.

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          Most cited references 51

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          Some Social and Psychological Consequences of the Longwall Method of Coal-Getting

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            The theory of open systems in physics and biology.

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              Risk management in a dynamic society: a modelling problem

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Ergonomics
                Ergonomics
                TERG
                terg20
                Ergonomics
                Taylor & Francis
                0014-0139
                1366-5847
                3 April 2015
                2 April 2015
                : 58
                : 4 , Sociotechnical Systems and Safety
                : 548-564
                Affiliations
                [ a ]Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Center for Quality and Productivity Improvement, University of Wisconsin-Madison , Madison, USA
                [ b ]Department of Psychology, University of Central Florida , Orlando, USA
                [ c ]Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology , Cambridge, USA
                [ d ]Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety , Hopkinton, USA
                [ e ]Escola Politécnica da USP, University of São Paulo , São Paulo, Brazil
                [ f ]Centre for Sociological Research, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven , Leuven, Belgium
                Author notes
                *Corresponding author. Email: carayon@ 123456engr.wisc.edu
                Article
                1015623
                10.1080/00140139.2015.1015623
                4647652
                25831959
                © 2015 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis.

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Counts
                Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 78, Pages: 17
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