Objective To understand the level of health behaviors related to prevention and control of Corona Virus Disease 2019, COVID-19 among primary school students in Wuhan during the epidemic, and to provide a basis for further targeted health education and promotion.
Methods Stratified random sampling was used to select 12 primary schools in Wuhan. Relying on the "questionnaire star", the head teacher of the selected school sent the questionnaire link to students through the QQ or WeChat group, and all students participated in the survey voluntarily.
Results A total of 8 569 valid questionnaires were collected. The rate of prevention and control of COVID-19 among primary school students in Wuhan was 39.3%. Among them, wearing masks, hand hygiene and other healthy behavior accounted for 53.4%, 42.0% and 75.2%, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that girl, grade 3-4 and 5-6, higher maternal education (>graduate degree) were more likely to have overall health behaviors in the prevention and control of COVID-19, and the OR values were 1.13(95% CI = 1.04-1.24), 1.18(95% CI = 1.061.31) 1.58(95% CI =1.41-1.75) and 1.62(95% CI =1.00-2.62)( P<0.05), respectively. Compared with fathers whose occupations were state agencies, managers of enterprises and institutions, students whose fathers, occupations were professional technicians and ordinary employees were less likely to have level of overall health behaviors in the prevention and control of COVID-19, and the OR values were 0.78(95% CI = 0.61-0.99) and 0.72(95% CI =0.58-0.90) ( P<0.05), respectively.
Conclusion The level of health behaviors of primary school children in Wuhan against COVID-19 was not high and targeted health education and promotion should be provided.
【摘要】 目的 了解新型冠状病毒肺炎 (简称“新冠肺炎”) 疫情期间武汉市小学生新冠肺炎防控健康行为情况及影 响因素, 为下一步开展防控健康教育和健康促进工作提供依据。 方法 采用分层随机抽样方法, 抽取武汉市 12 所小学。 依托“问卷星”平台, 被抽中学校的班主任通过群或微信群发问卷链接给学生, 共调查 8 569 名小学生。 结果 武汉市 小学生新冠肺炎防控健康行为具备率为 39.3%, 其中戴口罩、手卫生和其他健康行为水平分别为 53.4%, 42.0% 和 75.2%。 多因素 Logistic 回归分析显示, 性别为女生、年级为三四和五六年级、母亲文化程度为硕士及以上的小学生具备新冠肺炎防 控总体健康行为的可能性更高 [ OR 值 ( OR值95% CI) 分别为 1.13(1.04~1.24), 1.18(1.06~1.31), 1.58(1.41~1.75), 1.62 (1.00~2.62), P 值均 <0.05]; 与父亲职业是国家机关、企事业单位管理者的小学生相比, 父亲职业是专业技术人员和普通 员工的小学生具备新冠肺炎防控总体健康行为的可能性更低 [ OR值 ( OR 值95% CI)分别为0.78(0.61~0.99), 0.72(0.58~0.90), P 值均<0.05]。 结论 武汉市小学生新冠肺炎防控健康行为水平不高, 应加强有针对性的健康教育。