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      Neolithic pastoralism in marginal environments during the Holocene Humid Period, northern Saudi Arabia

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          The origins of agriculture in South-west Asia is a topic of continued archaeological debate. Of particular interest is how agricultural populations and practices spread inter-regionally. Was the Arabian Neolithic, for example, spread through the movement of pastoral groups, or did ideas perhaps develop independently? Here, the authors report on recent excavations at Alshabah, one of the first Neolithic sites discovered in Northern Arabia. The site’s material culture, environmental context and chronology provide evidence suggesting that well-adapted, seasonally mobile, pastoralist groups played a key role in the Neolithisation of the Arabian Peninsula.

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          The prehistory of the Arabian peninsula: deserts, dispersals, and demography.

          As a geographic connection between Africa and the rest of Eurasia, the Arabian Peninsula occupies a central position in elucidating hominin evolution and dispersals. Arabia has been characterized by extreme environmental fluctuation in the Quaternary, with profound evolutionary and demographic consequences. Despite the importance of the region, Arabia remains understudied. Recent years, however, have seen major developments in environmental studies and archeology, revealing that the region contains important records that should play a significant role in future paleoanthropological narratives.(1-3) The emerging picture of Arabia suggests that numerous dispersals of hominin populations into the region occurred. Populations subsequently followed autochthonous trajectories, creating a distinctive regional archeological record. Debates continue on the respective roles of regional hominin extinctions and population continuity, with the latter suggesting adaptation to arid conditions. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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            Earliest evidence for the structure of Homo sapiens populations in Africa

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              Middle and Late Pleistocene humid periods recorded in palaeolake deposits of the Nafud desert, Saudi Arabia

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Antiquity
                Antiquity
                Antiquity Publications
                0003-598X
                1745-1744
                October 2018
                October 02 2018
                October 2018
                : 92
                : 365
                : 1180-1194
                Article
                10.15184/aqy.2018.108
                e6b3d90e-64ee-4c69-beef-0fc56bcdccba
                © 2018

                https://www.cambridge.org/core/terms


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