Chronic bronchitis (CB) is one of the conditions that contribute to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Despite its widespread prevalence among patients with COPD and overall negative impact on treatment outcomes, the effect of CB on the efficacy of bronchodilator therapy has not been evaluated. The objective of this post hoc analysis is to assess the effect of nebulized glycopyrrolate (GLY) on lung function and health-related quality of life outcomes in patients with St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ)-defined CB at baseline.
Pooled data from the replicate, 12-week GOLDEN 3 and 4 studies (N=861) were grouped by CB status at baseline. The endpoints reported are changes from baseline in trough forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV 1), SGRQ and EXAcerbations of Chronic Pulmonary Disease Tool-Respiratory Symptoms (EXACT-RS) scores. Safety of GLY was evaluated by monitoring the incidence of adverse events (AEs).
Following 12 weeks of treatment, GLY 25 μg twice-daily (BID) resulted in placebo-adjusted improvements from baseline in FEV 1 of 77.1 mL and 124.4 mL in the CB and non-CB groups, respectively (p<0.0001 vs placebo in both groups). Significant improvements in SGRQ total scores were observed with GLY 25 μg BID compared with placebo, regardless of baseline CB status. Although EXACT-RS improvements were noted in both CB and non-CB groups, significant improvements were observed only in the CB group. GLY 25 μg BID was generally well tolerated through 12 weeks of treatment, with a low incidence of AEs.
Treatment with nebulized GLY 25 μg BID for 12 weeks resulted in significant improvements in lung function and SGRQ total scores, compared with placebo. Significant improvements in EXACT-RS total scores were observed only in the CB group. Together, these results support the use of GLY 25 μg BID in patients with COPD, regardless of their CB status.