19 November 2008
Twenty-six patients (mean age 39 ± 17 years) with idiopathic sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) were included for study. The patients were divided into two groups: group I: 14 patients with VT originating from the right ventricular outflow tract (wide QRS tachycardia with complete left bundle branch block pattern), and group II: 12 patients with VT originating from the left ventricle (wide QRS tachycardia with complete right bundle branch block pattern). Most of the group I patients (11/14) needed isoproterenol to facilitate induction of VT, and were sensitive to both verapamil and adenosine. Eight patients had successful radiofrequency (RF) ablation and were free of VT without any antiarrhythmic drugs. In group II, sustained VT was induced by programmed ventricular stimulation in all the patients (only 3 patients needed isoproterenol for facilitation); verapamil could terminate all the VT but none of the patients responded to adenosine. Eight patients received RF ablation and 6 patients had successful ablation without recurrent tachycardia on a long-term basis. Different sensitivity to adenosine and isoproterenol between right and left ventricular idiopathic VT suggested different underlying mechanisms for both types of VT. The patients who did not receive catheter ablation still had attacks of VT despite antiarrhythmic drug treatment; however, none of these patients had sudden death since the first attack of VT (mean 95 ± 51 months), suggesting a benign prognosis in idiopathic VT.